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Ciolek, T. Matthew. 1995-present. Sanbo Kyodan: Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism and its Teachers. Canberra: www.ciolek.com - Asia Pacific Research Online.
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Sanbo Kyodan*:
Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism
and its Teachers

Est.: 13 Apr 1995. Last updated: 05 Nov 2021.

26 years online and counting

This document is a part of the Zen Buddhism section of the Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library.

Edited by Dr T. Matthew Ciolek

This document aims to provide comprehensive, factual and up-to-date information about the Harada-Yasutani, an offspring of the Sanbo Kyodan school of Zen Buddhism. Any updated information, corrections or comments will be appreciated.


a work in progress since Apr 1995 - tmc


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Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 001 - 200.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 201 - 300.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 301 - 400.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 401 - 500.

* About the Harada-Yasutani School of Zen

Harada-Yasutani (an offspring of the Sanbo Kyodan or "Three Treasures") school of Zen [114] was established in Japan by D.S. Harada Roshi and his student and close collaborator H.R. Yasutani Roshi. The school is one of the smallest (about 3,000 adherents in 1984, Faulk 1988:158, see note #12 below) Buddhist organisations in the post-war Japan. It is very energetic and iconoclastic. It combines elements of Japanese Soto (esp. teachings of Dogen Kigen and his Dharma grandson, Keizan Jokin) and Rinzai (esp. teachings of Hakuin Ekaku) traditions. Its 'graduates' constitute together the lion share of all Zen teachers currently active in US, Canada, Argentina, Australia, Austria, France, Germany, India, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Philippines and UK. For details of other schools and lineages see the Schools of Zen Buddhism document.

Dharma Heirs and Teachers of the Harada-Yasutani school

Notes:

  1. Sources of information are indicated by a number in square brackets "[nn]"
  2. Persons who provided data or corrections to this document are acknowledged at the bottom of this page
  3. Following Japanese custom, family names are written first and given names follow a comma, e.g. 'Harada, Tangen' and 'Kapleau, Philip'
  4. Teachers belonging to the Diamond Sangha lineage are listed in bold print.
  5. Senior students who upon completion of their Zen studies declined to assume teaching responsibilities are marked with words "declined to be a teacher".
  6. Students who declared his or her independence ahead of completion of the customary Zen training schedule are indicated by words "gone independent".
  7. Junior/Trainee/Apprentice teachers, i.e. ones who are not ready (according to their own teachers) to assume independent teaching respnsibilities, are indicated by words "assistant teacher"
  8. Word "un" (J. "cloud"), occuring in the Buddhist teaching names is one of the hallmarks of the Sanbo Kyodan lineage. Suffixes "ken" and "an" mean "house, lineage" and "hermitage, small temple", respectively. These suffixes indicate that the holder of such teaching name can, at least potentialy, continue tradition under their own "awning" as it were.
  9. Some of the teachers authorised by Yamada Koun Roshi have also received additional recognition and confirmation by Kubota Roshi. However, there are also teachers, who are dharma heirs of Yamada Roshi, that have refused to be subjected to such re-confirmation procedure, and in most of the cases are not recognised as teachers of Zen by Kubota Roshi.
  10. For a list of non-Japanese Zen teachers authorised by Yamada Koun, with their general country locations and Zen names, see "In Memoriam - Yamada Koun Roshi". 1990. Buddhist-Christian Studies, vol.10 (1990), pp. 231-237.
  11. For a list of Japanese and other Zen teachers of the Sanbo Kyodan community see Kyosho [Awakening Gong] (a Sanbo Kyodan newsletter/publication), issues #230 (Jul 1991), #231 (Sep 1991) and #232 (Dec 1991). See also Sanbo Kyodan Home page (homepage3.nifty.com/sanbo-zen/top_e.html).
  12. A detailed account of the Sanbo Kyodan line of Zen within the context of other schools of Zen as well as Japanese 'New Religions' is provided by Robert J. Sharf. 1995. "Sanbokyodan - Zen and the Way of the New Religions". Japanese Journal of Religious Studies, Vol 22 (3-4), Fall 1995, pp. 417-458 (downloadable in PDF format from http://www.ic.nanzan-u.ac.jp/SHUBUNKEN/jjrs/jjrs-cumulative-list.html). Useful statistics on Sanbokyodan in Japan is found in T. Griffith Faulk, page 158, in his 'The Zen Institution in Modern Japan', pp. 157-177, a chapter in Kraft, Kenneth. 1988. Zen Tradition and Transition: an overview of Zen in the modern world. London-Melbourne: Rider.
  13. For a discussion of the dual phenomena of 'Dharma Txransmission' and of 'Zen lineage' see an unpublished 1994 paper by Stuart Lachs "Coming Down from the Zen Clouds: A Critique of the Current State of American Zen" (www.human.toyogakuen-u.ac.jp/~acmuller/articles/uszen3.htm) and a S. Lachs' 1999 paper "Means of Authorization: Establishing Hierarchy in Ch'an/Zen Buddhism." (www.human.toyogakuen-u.ac.jp/~acmuller/aar-bs/1999/lachs.htm).
  14. For a Vladimir Keremidschieff's reaction to Lachs' analysis see Tending the Bodhi Tree: A Critique of Stuart Lachs' Means of Authorization: Establishing Hierarchy in Cha'n/Zen Buddhism in America (www.vladk.com/zenwebsite/zen%20essays/Tending_the_Bodhi_Tree.htm). For a Stuart Lachs' rejoinder see Reply to Vladimir K. (www.vladk.com/zenwebsite/zen%20essays/Lachsreplies.htm).
  15. For a discussion of Zen's predilection for attracting, as well as producing people "who give up their good sense with the promise of a greater gain in the future" see S. Lachs' 2002 paper Richard Baker and the Myth of the Zen Roshi (www.mandala.hr/5/lachs3.html)

Corrections, additional data and comments will be appreciated. Biographical information, including dates [preferably in 'dd mm yyyy' format] of birth (and death, if applicable) as well as information about online documents with Zen teachings is especially welcome. Please send email to Dr T. Matthew Ciolek tmciolek@ciolek.com


Roots, branches and offshoots of the Harada-Yasutani school of Zen
Chars in bold indicate early lineages - the first 3 generations since YASUTANI Roshi.

|| Aerts Line (5th gen.) || Aitken Line (3rd gen.) || Ancheta Line (3rd gen.) || Andersen-Palmer Line (3rd gen.) || Arnold Line (4th gen.) || Barragato Margaret Line (5th gen.) || Barragato Stefano Line (4th gen.) || Bartok Line (6th gen.) || Barzaghi Line (5th gen.) || Bastis Line (5th gen.) || Bauberger Line (4 gen.) || Bays Jan Line (3rd gen.) || Bays Jan-Bays Laren Line (4th gen.) || Beck Line (3rd gen.) || Birx Line (5th gen.) || Blacker Line (6th gen.) || Blackman-Craig Line (6th gen.) || Bolleter Line (4th gen.) || Boyle Line (5th gen.) || Cicetti Line (5th gen.) || Coote Line (6th gen.) || Coppens Line (4th gen.) || Dougherty Line (6th gen.) || Drosten Line (4th gen.) || Duffy Line (4th gen.) || Eastman Line (5th gen.) || Ertman Line (7th gen.) || Fletcher Line (3rd gen.) || Foster Line (4th gen.) || Ford Line (5th gen.) || Glassman Line (3rd gen.) || Graef Line (3rd gen.) || Habito Line (3rd gen.) || Halifax Line (4th gen.) || HARADA-YASUTANI LINE (1st gen.) || Hartland Line (7th gen.) || Hawk Line (4th gen.) || Henry Line (4th gen.) || Hunt Line (5th gen.) || Jaeger Line (3rd gen.) || Joyner Line (5th gen.) || Kahn Monika Line (5th gen.) || Kahn Paul Line (4th gen.) || Kapleau Line (2nd gen.) || Kennedy Line (4th gen.) || Kjolhede Line (3rd gen.) || Lander Cecilie Line (4 gen.) || Lander Mervyn Line (4th gen.) || Loori Line (3rd gen.) || MacInnes Line (3rd gen.) || Maezumi Line (2nd gen.) || Magid Line (4th gen.) || Maloney Line (6th gen.) || Marko Line (4th gen.) || Matthiessen Line (4th gen.) || Merzel Line (3rd gen.) || Miller-McMahon Line (3rd gen.) || Murphy Line (5th gen.) || Nakao Line (4th gen.) || Nordstrom Line (4th gen.) || Odland-Poromaa Line (4th gen.) || O'Hara Line (4th gen.) || Pages Line (4th gen.) || Phillips Line (6th gen.) || Rapaport Line (4th gen.) || Richardson Line (5th gen.) || Rieck Line (3rd gen.) || Rizzetto Line (4th gen.) || Ross Line (6th gen.) || Rynick Line (6th gen.) || Samy Ama Line (3rd gen.) || Schlüter Line (3rd gen.) || Smith Line (4th gen.) || Steger Line (4th gen.) || Stern Line (5th gen.) || Stone Line (3rd gen.) || Sutherland Line (5th gen.) || Tarrant Line (4th gen.) || Terragno Line (5th gen.) || Tydeman Line (4th gen.) || Usami Line (3rd gen.) || Wagner Line (5th gen.) || Walker Line (5th gen.) || Wells Line (5th gen.) || Wick Line (3rd gen.) || Yamada Line (2nd gen.) ||


HARADA, Daiun Sogaku (13 Oct 1871-12 Dec 1961) Roshi [8]
Dharma heir of the Soto master Harada Sodo Kakusho (1844-1931) and a Dharma heir of the Rinzai master Dokutan Sosan
(a.k.a Dokutan Toyota) (1840-1917), 31st teacher within Soto generation since Dogen Kigen (1200-1253),
and 8th teacher within Rinzai generation since Hakuin Ekaku (1686-1769)

DHARMA SUCCESSORS of Harada Daiun Sogaku Roshi
  • YASUTANI, Hakuun Ryoko (5 Jan 1885-28 Mar 1973) [11][156][161]
    Founder of the Harada-Yasutani Line
    Known online teachings by Hakuun Yasutani
  • Harada-Yasutani Line (1st generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • D'Ortschy, Brigitte Koun-an Doru Chiko Daishi (1921-9 Jul 1990) [70][196][253].
    • KAPLEAU, PHILIP (20 Aug 1912 - 6 May 2004) [147].
      Assistant teacher, never received Dharma transmission from Yasutani Roshi [139], gone independent.
      Founder of the Rochester Zen Center, from the 1990s onwards, retired.
    • Kapleau Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
      • Bishop, Mitra (b. 12 Apr 1941) [24][278]
        Founder and head of the Mountain Gate monastic center, NM and the Hidden Valley Zen Center, CA.
      • Henry, Michael Danan (b. 12 Nov 1939) [47]
        Also a teacher appointed by Robert Aitken (see "Aitken Line"). Also studied with Harada Tangen Roshi at Bukkoku-ji temple, Obama, Japan [462]. Founding teacher at the Zen Center of Denver [28], current teacher of Old Bones Sangha, a small group of mostly senior students [388].
        Known online teachings (decade 1995-2005) by Henry Danan.
        For details of his emerging line of Dharma heirs see the entry on Henry, Michael Danan within the "Aitken Line."
      • Gifford, Dane Zenson (1949-13 Apr 2016) [331].
      • GRAEF, SUNYANA (b. 1948) Roshi [183][286]
        Former teacher at the Toronto Zen Centre, head of the Vermont Center [24]. Teacher at the and the Casa Zen in Costa Rica [270].
      • Graef Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • KJOLHEDE, PETER BODHIN (b. 1948) Roshi [69]
        Abbot at the Rochester Zen Center, Teacher at the Madison Zen Center, WI.
      • Kjolhede Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Goldman, Robert (b. 19??) Sensei [377]
          Medical doctor. Practicing Zen since 1975, since 1981 in the tradition of Philip Kapleau. In Aug 2007 sanctioned by Roshi Kjolhede in a public ceremony in Berlin as a full Zen teacher. [377]
        • ODLAND, KANJA (b. 1963) Sensei [244]
          Started her Zen training in 1984, as a student of both Philip Kapleau and his successor Bodhin Kjolhede. Ordained as a priest in 1999. In 2001 she was authorised to teach by Kjolhede Roshi. Established, together with her Dharma brother Sante Poromaa Roshi, Zengarden - a full-time training temple in rural Sweden. [379]
        • POROMAA, MIKAEL SANTE (b. 1958) Roshi [58][73][244]
          Ordained as a Zen priest in 1991. Kjolhede Roshi gave him sanction to teach in 1998. Teacher at the Stockholm Zen Center, Sweden and its affiliate Helsinki Zen Center, Finland.
        • Odland-Poromaa Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Kaliski, Karl (b. 19??) Sensei [380]
            A student of Bodhin Kjolhede Roshi since 1998, subsequently a student Bodhin Roshi's dharma heirs, Roshi Sante Poromaa and Roshi Kanja Odland in Sweden. Completed his formal koan training in 2013 and was [? jointly] sanctioned [by ? Odland and ? Poromaa - tmc] as a Zen teacher in 2015. Teacher at the Cloud Water Zen Group, Glasgow, UK. [380]
        • Ross, Lanny Sevan Keido Sei'an (b. 7 Sep 1951) Sensei [58][194]
          Received in 2001 the Dharma transmission from Bodhin Kjolhede Roshi [194].
          Also holds the Dharma transmission in the Jiyu Kennett and Robert Aitken lineages (see "Aitken Line") bestowed on him in 2007 by James Zeno Myoun Ford Roshi [194]
          Teacher at the Chicago Zen Center in Evanston, IL, US
        • Wrightson, Charlotte Amala (b. 1958) Sensei [277]
          Ordained as a Zen priest in 1999. Sanctioned to teach in 2004. Kjolhede Roshi gave her Dharma transmission in Feb 2012. Teacher at the Auckland Zen Center, New Zealand [277].

      • Kjolhede, Sonja Sunya (b. 19??) Sensei
        Teacher at the Windhorse Zen Community, Rochester, NY. Teacher at the Polish affiliate center (established by D. Gifford) of the Rochester Zen Center. Sister of Peter Kjolhede, wife of Lawson David Sachter [24][56].
      • Low, Albert (16 Dec 1928-29 Jan 2016) [331][333]
        Teacher at the Montreal Zen Center [28].
      • Packer, Toni (5 Jul 1927-23 Aug 2013) [332] Assistant teacher, gone independent.
        Teacher at a non-Buddhist, non-Zen Springwater Center, Rochester.
      • Sachter, Lawson David (b. 19??) Sensei [23]
        Teacher at the Windhorse Zen Community, Rochester, NY. Husband of Sonja Kjolhede.
      • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
      • Clarke, Richard (b. 31 Jan 1933) [30]. A self-declared teacher.
        From 1967 to 1980 a student of Philip Kapleau, but neither ordained by P. Kapleau nor sanctioned by him to teach. In PK's opinion, R. Clarke has no basis for claiming any connection with Kapleau's Dharma heirship or lineage [24]
        Teacher at the Living Dharma Center, Amherst, MA and Coventry, CT [30]
        See also the References page for a dissenting note [44] by R. Clarke.
      • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

        end of Kapleau Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    • Kubota, Akira Ji'un-ken (b. 1932)
      Following the death of Yamada Koun Roshi, head (1989-2004) of the Sanbo Kyodan school. Teaches at The Center for Health Care & Public Concern (Tokyo Kembikyoin Medical Center), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan [157][159].
    • MAEZUMI, TAIZAN HAKUYU (24 Feb 1931-14 May 1995) [217]
      Also a Dharma heir of Osaka Koryu. Founder of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) line.
      Known online teachings by Taizan Maezumi.
    • "Teachers in the lineage of Taezan Maezumi (White Plum Asanga), although drawing on both Soto and Rinzai traditions in the manner partly pioneered by Yasutani Roshi, do not generally regard themselves as "Sanbo Kyodan" teachers, and neither does the international "Sanbo-zen" organization regard them as members of that tradition, so presenting "Sanbo Kyodan school" as a term synonymous with the entire "Harada-Yasutani line" seems potentially misleading (though the adoption of the name "Sanbo-zen" by the formal organization does help to distance the two categories). In my own experience, teachers in the Maezumi-Glassman line tend to trace their dharma succession through Maezumi's first teacher, his father Baian Hakujun Kuroda (Japanese Soto lineage) and not through Yasutani, and they tend to distinguish their approach to Zen from that of the Sanbo-zen school. I have attempted on occcasion to make this distinction in the relevant Wikipedia articles, but it is an uphill battle when web pages such as yours are cited as primary sources." - Jeremy Marshall (member of the Woodchester Valley Zendo, UK; former member of the One Heart Sangha, Silver Spring MD, and of the Oxford Zen Centre, UK), email to T. Matthew Ciolek, 11 Nov 2019. [419].

      Maezumi Line, the "White Plum Asanga" (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
      • ANCHETA, ALFRED JITSUDO (b. 19??) [85]
        Received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Taizan Maezumi in 1993. In 1999, Ancheta Sensei was installed as abbot of Hidden Mountain Zen Center, Albuquerque, NM [59] and received his second Dharma transmission from Glassman Roshi [127]. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258].
      • Ancheta Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • ANDERSEN-PALMER, SUSAN MYOYU (b. 19??) [85]
        Ordained as a Buddhist monk in 1978. Received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Taizan Maezumi in 1995. In May 2005 received the title of Roshi from the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [345]. Teacher at the Great Plains Zen Center, IL [124][345].
      • Andersen-Palmer Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Wolff, John Gendo (b. 2 Dec 1958) Sensei [342][344]
          "Received Jukai (lay ordination) from Dennis Genpo Merzel, Roshi, on August 1, 1992.
          On July 15, 2006, he was ordained as a priest in the White Plum lineage by his teacher Susan Myoyu Andersen, Roshi [...]
          In June 2012, he received Dharma Transmission (Shiho) from Myoyu Roshi and is now the resident teacher at Great Wave" Zen Sangha (GWZS) in Michigan, US [343].

      • BAYS, JAN CHOZEN SOULE (b. 9 Aug 1945) Roshi [67][199]
        Also, on completion of her Soto training in 1983, she studied under a Rinzai teacher Harada Shodo Roshi of Sogenji Monastery, Japan.
        Teacher at the Zen Community of Oregon [41]. Wife of Laren Hogen Bays.
      • Bays Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • BAYS, LAREN HOGEN (b. 1949) Roshi [199][433]
          Husband of Jan Chosen Bays. Began practicing in 1968 with Philip Kapleau [433]. Student of Taizan Maezumi, at Zen Center of Los Angeles, from 1980-1984. [433].
          In addition, since 1990 [432] he studied under a Rinzai teacher Harada Shodo Roshi of Sogenji Monastery, Japan [199]. Received Dharma transmission from J. Bays Roshi in 2000 [433].
        • Terris, Abby Mushin (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Zen practitioner since 1977. In 1992 she started Corvallis Zen Circle (now Sangha Jewel Temple) where she teaches. Received Lay Transmission from Chozen Roshi in 2013 [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

        Jan Bays-Laren Bays Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Conover, Nancy Kodo (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 2000. Received Lay Transmission from Chozen and Hogen Roshi in 2015. Teacher at Heart of Wisdom Zen Temple [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Costenbader, Amy Kisei (b. 19??), Dharma Holder [432]
          Ordained Zen priest. Lives at Great Vow Zen Monastery since 2010. Made Dharma Holder in 2018. [432].
        • Green, Patric Bansho (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 2004. Made Dharma Holder in 2015 [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Hansen, Kim Koben (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 1995. Received Lay Transmission from Chozen and Hogen Roshi in 2015. Teacher at North Shore Zendo, Vancouver, Canada [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Lynch, Danney Soten (b. 19??), Dharma Holder [432]
          Ordained Zen priest. Lives at Great Vow Zen Monasteryn since 2010. Made Dharma Holder in ???. [432].
        • Martin, Laura Jomon (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 2004. Made Dharma Holder in 2016 [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Salzberg Jorgen (b. 19??), Sensei [432]
          Practiced Zen since 1997. Received Dharma Transmission from Chozen and Hogen Roshi in 2017.
          Teacher at Heart of Wisdom Zen Temple [432]. Since 2011 a student of Dzogchen (Tibetan Buddhism) teacher Keith Dowman [432].
        • Trussell, Larry Fuho (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 1976. Received Lay Transmission from Chozen and Hogen Roshi in 2015. Teacher at Heart of Wisdom Zen Temple [432]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Welsh, Ed Gensho (b. 19??), Lay Teacher [432]
          Practiced Zen since 2002. Made Dharma Holder in 2016 [432].

      • BECK, CHARLOTTE JOKO (27 Mar 1917 - 15 Jun 2011) [32][256]
        Founder of the Ordinary Mind Zen School.
        Teacher at the Zen Center of San Diego.
        Known online teachings by Joko Beck. See also files from the Coombspapers archive.
      • Beck Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Bayda, Ezra (b.1944) [136][252]
          Teacher at the Zen Center of San Diego. Teacher (since 1995) at the Santa Rosa Zen Group [252]. Husband of Elizabeth Hamilton [136]. In 2006 Joko Beck has revoked Dharma transmissions she previously gave to Ezra Bayda and Elizabeth Hamilton [250].
        • Christensen, Larry Jissan (b. 19??) [120]
          Teacher at the Zen Center of Portland, Portland, OR. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Christenson, Anna (b. 19??) [51]
          Teacher at a group/center in New York City, NY, US. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Dawson, Geoff (b. 19??)
          Also, in mid 1990s, an assistant teacher within Robert Aitken’s Diamond Sangha (see "Aitken Line") . Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Hamilton, Elizabeth (b. 19??) [32]
          Teacher at the Zen Center of San Diego. Wife of Ezra Bayda [136][251]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435]. In 2006 Joko Beck has revoked Dharma transmissions she previously gave to Ezra Bayda and Elizabeth Hamilton [250].
        • Howard, Greg (b. 19??) [133]
          Teacher at the Ordinary Mind Zen School in Brisbane, Australia. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • MAGID, BARRY (b.19 Dec 1949) [79][94]
          Teacher at The Ordinary Mind Zendo in New York City, NY, US. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          Known online teachings by Barry Magid (www.ordinarymind.com).
        • Magid Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • George, Pat Jikyo (b. 19??)
            Studied several years at Zen Mountain Monastery in Mt. Tremper, New York, with John Daido Loori. Founded the Zen Center of Philadelphia in 2005 [422]. Teacher at the Zen Center of Philadelphia [240]. Received Dharma transmission from Barry Magid in 2009 [239][240][346][422]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            Known online teachings by Pat George.
          • Poirer, Marc (19??-2 Aug 2015) Dharma Holder [347].
            A lawyer in Washington, D.C. Took up Zen studies in 1981 and for many years was a student John Daido Loori [422]. Became a student of Barry Magid in 209 [422]. Received Denkai transmission from Barry Magid in 2011 [347][422]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            Known online teachings by Mar Poirer (www.ordinarymind.com).
          • Slemmer, Claire (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [347].
            Student of Barry Magid since 2004 [422]. Received Denkai transmission from Barry Magid in 2011 [347][422]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            Known online teachings by Claire Slemmer (www.ordinarymind.com).
          • Terzano, Karen (b.1950) [346]
            In the 1990's a student of Hwalson Sunim, a teacher within the Chogye Order of Korea, a Lin-chi (Rinzai) school of Zen [422].
            In 1998 moved yo Costa Rica [422] where she became a formal student of Sunyana Graef (Phillip Kapleau line) [347]. "In 2005 Karen returned to the United States where she spent 2 years in residence at the Vermont Zen Center" [422]. Received Denkai transmission from Barry Magid in 2011 [347].
            Received Dharma transmission from Barry Magid in 2014 [346]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            Known online teachings by Karen Terzano (www.ordinarymind.com).
          • Tootell, Andrew (b. 1956) Mediical doctor. Dharma Holder [347][422]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            A teacher at the Ordinary Mind Zen Center in Bellingen, NSW, Australia (www.ordinarymind.com.au) [347]
            Received Denkai transmission from Barry Magid in 2014 [347] (alternative date: "On the 20 th July 2019, in a ceremony held at the Garrison Institute New York, Andrew was given Denbo transmission by his teacher Barry Magid." [422]).
            Known online teachings by Andrew Tootell (www.ordinarymind.com).

        • Nafstad, Gary (b.19??) [249]
          Received Dharma transmission from Joko Beck in 2004. Since the Northern Spring 2010 the Dharma Successor of Charlotte Joko Beck [250].
        • Penn, Barbara Muso (b.19??) [248][249]
          Received Dharma transmission from Joko Beck in 2004. Teacher at the Sandhills Zen Center, Southern Pines, NC [249].
        • RIZZETTO, DIANE ESHIN (b.30 Oct 1942) [32][91]
          Until 2019? was the senior teacher at the Bay Zen Center, Oakland, CA [439].
        • Rizzetto Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Birnbaum, Dan Myoen Toshin (b. 19??) [439].
            Received Dharma transmission from Diane Rizzetto in 2019 [439].
            Teacher at the Bay Zen Center, Oakland, CA [439]. Practicing pediatric neurologist at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital in Oakland, CA [439]. Member of the Ordinary Mind Zen School and White Plum Asanga [439]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

        • SMITH, ELIHU GENMYO (b.1948) [18][32]
          Received Dharma transmission from Joko Beck in 1992 [393].
          Teacher at the Prairie Zen Center in Champaign IL [393].
          Known online teachings by Elihu Smith.
        • Smith Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Russel, Ed Mushin (b. 19??) [393]
            Received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Elihu Smith in 2015 [393].
            Resident teacher at the Prairie Zen Center in Champaign, IL [393]. Teacher at the Sangamon Zen Group in Springfield, IL [393].

        • Syverson, Peg (b. 19??) [438].
          Teacher at the Appamada Zen center, Austin, TX. Authorised to teach by Joko Beck in the 1990s [438]. Studied with several Zen teachers, including Jan Chozen Bays and Hogen Bays [438]. Ordained in the Soto Zen lineage of Suzuki Roshi in Aug 2004. Received formal teacher recognition in the Suzuki lineage with Flint Sparks in Sep 2011. Received Dharma Transmission in December 2014 with Kosho McCall [438]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435]. Associate Professor Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin, in the Department of Rhetoric and Writing [438].
        • end of Beck Line (3nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        continuation of Maezumi ("White Plum Asanga") Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • FLETCHER, CHARLES TENSHIN (b. 19??) Roshi [85][184]
        Teacher at the Yokoji Zen Mountain Center, CA [370]. Formerly husband of Anne Seisen Fletcher (now Anne Seisen Saunders, Glassman Line) [370].
      • Fletcher Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • McMahon, Barry Kaigen (b. 19??) Sensei, Dharma Successor [149][163][219][291]
          Received Dharma transmission from Charles Tenshin Fletcher Roshi in 2003 and Inka (Final Seal of Approval) in 2010. Together with his wife, Nicolee Jikyo Miller-McMahon (see below), the teacher at the Three Treasures Zen Community. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          Known online teachings by Barry MacMahon.
        • Scott, David Dohi Shoji Keizan (b. 19??) Sensei [145][193][254]
          Initially, a senior student of Dennis Merzel Roshi (from who he received "hoshi") and the teacher at the StoneWater Zen Sangha (formerly, Liverpool Zen Buddhist Group, UK [151]). In 2008 he formally became a student of Charles Fletcher Roshi from who, in Oct 2009, he received Dharma transmission (shiho) and a title of Sensei [254].
        • Squire, Philip Shinko (b. 19??) Sensei, Dharma Successor [184]
          Received Dharma transmission in Oct 2006. Teacher at the Green Mountain Zen in Wellington, New Zealand [312].

      • GLASSMAN, BERNARD (BERNIE) BAISEN TETSUGEN (18 Jan 1939 - 4 Nov 2018) Roshi [59][401]
        Co-founder of the Zen Peacemaker Order (now The Peacemaker Community). Co-Spiritual Director of the Zen Peacemaker Family [168]. Bernie Glassman's/Zen Peacemakers' Mother House (which was also known as the House of One People) in Montague Massachusetts was foreclosed on in 2011 and sold in 2012. The facility is now privately owned and called the Montague Retreat Center. It is no longer affiliated with Bernie Glassman's group, although Eve Myonen Marko's Green River Zen Center (www.greenriverzen.org) holds retreats there [303].
      • Glassman Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Ancheta, Alfred Jitsudo (b. 19??)
          Received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Taizan Maezumi in 1993 (see "Maezumi Line") and in 1999 received his second Dharma transmission from Glassman Roshi [127]
        • Baker, Nancy Mujo (b. 19??) [59]
          Shiho (Dharma transmission) conferred upon 31 Dec 97. Teacher at the 'No Traces Zendo" [152].
        • BARRAGATO, STEFANO MUI (b. 21 Apr 1930) [59][105]
          Teacher at the Dragon Cliff Zen Center, Kerhonkson, NY [104], Teacher at the Treetop Zen Center [152].
        • Stefano Barragato Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • BARRAGATO, MARGARET NE-EKA (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [121]
            Received Dharma transmission from her husband Stefano Barragato in 2002. Teacher at the Treetop Zen Center [152].
          • Margaret Barragato Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Wohl, Peter Seishin (b. 19??) Sensei [258]
              Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) and Transmission of the Precepts (Denkai) from Margaret Barragato Roshi in Dec 2008. Teacher at the Treetop Zen Center [152]. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258].
          • Paquin, Linda-Lee Abhaya (b.1 Jul 1949) Assistant teacher [105]
            Teaches at the Dragon Cliff Zen Center.

        • Bastien, James Daikan (b. 19??) [443]
          Dharma Successor of Bernard Tetsugen Glassman [443]. Teacher at Howling Dragon (www.howlingdragon.org), an affiliate  of the Zen Peacemaker Order (zenpeacemakers.com) [443]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435]. Member of the  White Plum Asanga [443].  Coordinator of "Veterans Homeless Services for the U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs in the State of Vermont and the four western counties of New Hampshire" [443].
        • Byalin, Kenneth (Ken) Tetsuji (b. 19??) Sensei [187][201]
          Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) on 18 Feb 2007. Teacher at the Zen Community of Staten Island and resident teacher of the Interfaith Zen Group at Mount Manresa [187].
        • Gauntt, Grover Genro (b. 19??) Sensei [203].
        • HALIFAX, JOAN JIKO (b. 19??) Roshi [125]
          Received the title of Roshi from Glassman Roshi on 18 Jan 1999. Also, independently she is a Dharma heir of Thich Nhat Hanh Roshi. Teacher at the Upaya Zen Center, New Mexico. Co-founder of the Zen Peacemaker Order (now The Peacemaker Community).
        • Halifax Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Bakker, Irene Kaigetsu Kyojo (b. 19??) Roshi [310]
            A student of Zen in the White Plum Sangha tradition since the mid-80s. Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) and Transmission of the Precepts (Denkai) from Joan Jiko Halifax Roshi in Mar 2012 [310][311]. Also, independently, a Dharma heir of Merzel Dennis Genpo Roshi [145][193]. Teacher at the Upaya Zen Center, New Mexico [311].
          • Byrnes, Brian Joshin (b. 19??) Sensei [282]
            Upaya Zen Center’s Vice Abbot. Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) from Halifax Roshi on 6 Jan 2017 [282].
          • Kazniak, Al Genkai (b. 19??) Sensei [258]
            Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) from Halifax Roshi in May 2010. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258].
          • Quennell, Genzan (b. 19??) Sensei [282]
            Upaya’s Temple Coordinator. Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) from Halifax Roshi on 6 Jan 2017 [282].

          continuation of Glassman Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Harkaspi, Helen Kobai Yuho (b. 19??)
          1st wife of Bernie Glassman Roshi [126].
        • Hixon, Lex Jikai (25 Dec 1941-1 Nov 1995) [17].
        • Hixon, Sheila Jinen (b. 19??) Sensei [191]
          Empowered by Bernie Glassman as Sensei on 25 Feb 2007 [191].
        • Holmes, Sandra Jishu Angyo (1941-20 Mar 1998) [59][60][402]
          2nd wife of Bernie Glassman Roshi; Co-founder of the Zen Peacemaker Order (now The Peacemaker Community).
        • KAHN, PAUL KUZAN GENKI (b.1947) Rev. Roshi [362][421].
          Dharma and Lineage Holder in both Dennis Genpo Merzel, and Bernie lineages [146][166][185][225]. Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) on 18 Feb 2007 and Inka on 2 Apr 2009 [362]. Was a teacher at the High Mountain Crystal Lake Zen Community, Wyckoff NJ, US; was a Circle Steward: Zen Peacemaker Circle International; was the Executive Director of the Maezumi Institute and Zen Peacemakers Sangha in Montague Massachussets [167][187][212][284]. Founder (in 2010) [363] and Teacher of the Zen Garland Order (zengarland.org), a Residential Zen Center located in Airmont, NY, US with affiliates in the US and Germany [284][362].
        • Paul Kahn Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Ackerman, Joan Noge (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [285]. Elder, Flowing Heart Zen Temple, Palisades NY [421]
          • Brown Tucker Sansui (b. 19??) Rev. Dharma Holder - Desert Bone Zen Hermitage, Cornville, AZ [421]
          • Bruce Susan Kijin (b.1949) Dharma Holder - Flowing Heart Zen Temple, Palisades, NY [421]
          • Bruner, David Moksui (b. 1947-16 Feb 2020) Rev. Dharma Holder [285][421].
          • Dowd Cathleen Kanno (b. 1944), Rev. - Flowing Heart Zen Temple, Palisades NY [421]
          • DuFrene Troy Kyokai (b. 19??), Rev. Dharma Holder - Desert Bone Zen Hermitage, Cornville, AZ [421]
          • Duncan, Shoko Sings-Alone b.1932, Rev. Roshi [285][362]. Enrolled Cherokee, Founder and Director of Red Path/Native American Zen Hermitage (www.redpathzen.org), Upton, MA [362] [421]
          • Greenberg, Bill Jikai (b.1945) Rev. Roshi [285][362][421].Teacher at Zen Garland [285].
          • Kahn, Jacks Jocelyn Myoen (b. 1953) Dharma Holder [285][421].
            In Fall 2008 was married to Paul Kahn [364]. In May 2012 she taught Zen at the Zen Garland in Airmont, NY [365].
          • KAHN, MONIKA SEIRYO GENMITSU (b.1964) Rev. Roshi [362][421].
            In Apr 2013 Monika Seiryo Genmitsu Kahn was known as Brunner, Monika Seiryo Sensei [285]. In Jan 2012 she received Dharma Transmission from Paul Kahn Roshi [363]. She lives at the Sanctuary in Airmont, NY and was a Priest and Chief Operating Officer for Zen Garland since it was founded in 2010 [363].
          • Monika Kahn Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Johnson Trish Kojindo (b.1972)  Rev. Dharma Holder - Dharma River Zen Temple, Winona, MN [421].
            • Mancuso, John Mitsudo (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [421].

            continuation of Paul Kahn Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

          • Kolman, Phil Sengetsu (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [285][362].
          • Koopalethes, Wally Toryu (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [285].
          • Noble, Greg Tensho (b. 19??) Rev. Roshi - Zenshinkai, Washington, DC [285][421].
          • Peterman, John Reizan (b. 1948) Dharma Holder - Flowing Heart Zen Temple, Palisades, NY [421].
          • Sato Gerpheide, Karen C. (KC) Zero Kyozen (b.19??). Sensei [437].
            Teacher at the Hermitage Without Walls (Muhei An) (zengarland.org/hermitage-without-walls/), St. George, UT [421]. Physiotherapist [437]. Certified instructor of yoga [437]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            Simultaneously, student and dharma successor of Merzel Roshi [391][392] (see "Merzel Line"). Also, for many years was a secret lover of Dennis Genpo Merzel Roshi [436]. In early 2011 revelations of their scandalous extramarital affair forced Merzel "to disrobe as a Zen priest and resign his elder status with the White Plum Asanga" [436].
          • Schmachtenberg, Wolfgang Okami (b. 1949) Rev. Sensei - Eido-Ji, Goch, Germany [421].
          • STERN, PAUL KISHO (b.19??) Rev. Roshi - Dharma River Zen Temple, Winona, MN [421].
          • Stern Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Hansen Eileen Toshin Rev. Dharma Holder - Dharma River Zen Temple, Winona, MN [421].

          • Tirch, Dennis Doshini (b. 19??) Dharma Holder - Flowing Heart Zen Temple, Palisades, NY [421].
          • Vardi, Eran Kyoka Junryu (b. 1964) Rev. Roshi [285][362] - Eiryu-Ji, Wyckoff, NJ [421].
          • + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

          • WAGNER, ANN ANKAI (b. 1940) Rev. Roshi [285][362].
            Founder and Director of Christian Zen and Christian Zen Minister, works in the tradition of Thomas Merton. A member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org). A member of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace Lay Associates [285].
          • Wagner Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Senegeto Thomas Kian (b.19??) Rev. Sensei - Christian Zen [421].

          + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

        • KENNEDY, ROBERT E. JINSEN (b. 20 Jun 1933) S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) Roshi [37][54]
          Teacher at Morning Star Zendo, 50 Glenwood Ave., Jersey City, NJ 073060, US][65].
        • Kennedy Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Abels, Gregory Hosho (b. 19??) Sensei [198]
            Teacher. Received Dharma transmission 17 Dec 2006][198]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Abels, Janet Jiryu (b. 19??) Roshi [86][453].
            Teacher at Still Mind Zendo in Manhattan, NY. J. Abels is Roshi Kennedy's 4th Dharma Successor [143]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Bachman, Carl Genjo (b. 19??) Sensei [258]
            Received Dharma transmission from Roshi Robert Kennedy in Dec 2010. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • BIRX, CHARLES SHINKAI (b. 24 Dec 1944) Roshi [37][304]
            Co-founder [with his wife, Ellen Birx, below] and teacher at New River Zen Community in Radford, VA, US [272] C. Birx is Roshi Kennedy's 2nd Dharma Successor [65] On 15 Mar 2014 Roshi Robert Jinsen Kennedy conferred Inka on Charles Birx and he received the title Roshi [304].
          • Birx Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Pumphrey, Ben Mui (b. 14 Jul 1978), Sensei [350]
              Teacher at Shenandoah Zen, Shenandoah Valley, VA. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435]. Became an assistant teacher at New River Zen Community in May 2015 [329]. Received Dharma transmission from Roshi Charles Shinkai Birx on Sept. 10, 2016 [350].
            • Thompson, Scott Zengen (b. 7 Feb 1948) Sensei [271][301].
              Initally with Shasta Abbey, and since 2001 with New River Zen Community [272] In 2013 the teacher at Southern West Virginia Zen Group [301].

          • Birx, Ellen Jikai (b. 01 Jan 1950) Roshi [37][304]
            Co-founder [with her husband, Charles Birx, above] and teacher at New River Zen Community in Radford, VA, US [272] E. Birx is Roshi Kennedy's 3rd Dharma Successor [65]. On 15 Mar 2014 Roshi Robert Jinsen Kennedy conferred Inka on Ellen Birx and she received the title Roshi [304].
          • Butler, Tim Tomei (b. 19??) Sensei [368][453].
          • CICETTI, RAYMOND RUZAN (b.10 May 1950) Roshi [128][153][328]
            Resident teacher at Empty Bowl Zendo (www.emptybowlzendo.org), Morristown, NJ, US., Morristown, NJ, US. In Dec 2004 R. Cicetti became Roshi Kennedy's 5th Dharma Successor [328]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Cicetti Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Daniels, Michele Keido (b. 19??) Sensei [441].
              Teacher at the Empty Bowl Zendo (www.emptybowlzendo.org). Received "dharma transmission in March 2018 and is Sensei Cicetti’s first dharma successor" [441]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435]. Retired "public school educator who supervised the district’s English as a Second Language and Bilingual Education Program" [441].

            + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

          • EASTMAN, PATRICK KUNDO (b. 19??) Roshi [363]
            Ordained as a Christian priest on June 1, 1969. Founded the Wild Goose Zen Sangha, UK (wildgoosesangha.org.uk) in 2005 and has been their director and teacher since then. Received Inka from Robert Kennedy Roshi on April 30, 2015 [375].
          • Eastman Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Averbeck, Marcus Hozan (b. 19??) Sensei
              Teacher at Wild Goose Zen Sangha, Canterbury, UK [375] Received dharma transmission from Eastman Roshi and installed as a teacher on 1 Jun 2014 [375].
            • Collingwood, Chris Ryushin (b. 19??) Sensei
              Teacher at Wild Goose Zen Sangha, York, UK [375]. An Anglican priest. Since July 2013 the Canon Chancellor at York Minster, UK. [375] Received Jukai in October 2015. Received dharma transmission from Roshi Eastman and installed as a teacher on 24th July 2016 [374].
            • Woodcock, Jeremy Ryokan (b. 19??) Sensei
              Teacher at Wild Goose Zen Sangha, Cirencester and the Woodchester Valley Zendo, UK [375]. Received dharma transmission from Roshi Eastman and installed as a teacher on 19 Apr 2015 [375].
            • Collingwood, Chris Ryushin (b. 19??) Sensei [455]
              Teacher at Wild Goose Zen Sangha, Canterbury, UK [455]. Received Dharma transition in Jul 2016 [455].
            • Woodcock, Jeremy Ryokan (b. 19??) Sensei [455]
              In 2006 studied at Bodhi Zendo in India with Fr. Ama Samy S.J. [455]. Teacher at Wild Goose Zen Sangha, Canterbury, UK [455]. Received Dharma transition in Apr 2015 [455].

          • Efird, Susan KoDo (b. 19??) Sensei [453].
          • Healy, Miriam Yukan (b. 19??) Roshi [368][453].
          • Holleran, Michael Koryu (b. 19??), Sensei [453], a Catholic priest and a former Carthusian Monk [368].
          • + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

          • HUNT, KEVIN JIUN (b. 01 Oct 1933) Roshi, O.C.S.O (Order of Cistercians of the Strict Order) [95][97]
            St. Joseph's Abby, Spencer, MA, US. [142][143]. Teacher at an inter-religious Zen sangha Day Star Zendo (daystarzen.org), Wrentham, MA
          • Hunt Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Taberner, Cynthia Kin Ryu (b. 19??) Sensei [440].
              Teacher at an inter-religious Zen sangha Day Star Zendo (daystarzen.org), Wrentham, MA [440]. Received dharma transmission from Hunt Roshi and installed as a teacher on 15 Jul 2017 [440]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            • Sr. Tacy, Madeleine Seikai OP (b. 19??) Sensei [447][448][451].
              Catholic nun. Teacher at the Day Star Zendo (daystarzen.org), Wrentham, MA [448]. Received dharma transmission from Hunt Roshi and installed as a teacher on 26 Sep 2018 [448][450].
            • St. Onge, Timothy Mangetsu (b. 1952) Sensei [447][449][452].
              "In the 1980s, Tim was introduced to the Buddhist experience through the work of Vietnamese monk, Thich Nhat Hanh and under the direction of senior teacher Annabel Laity. In 2000, Tim studied Zen with Robert Kennedy, Roshi and in 2004 became a koan student with Kevin Hunt" [449]. "Founded Transfiguration Zendo (Southbury, CT) in 1999. Zendo now in New Mexico: Sky Zen" [452]. Received dharma transmission from Hunt Roshi and installed as a teacher in 2018 [447].
            • Seul, Jeff Kōgen (b. 1962) Sensei [447].
              "Author of a "Turning Words" Zen blog [450]. Received dharma transmission from Hunt Roshi and installed as a teacher in 2018 [447].

          • Laheen, Mary Soshin (b. 19??) Sensei [453].
          • Maher, Carl Chimon(b. 19??) Sensei [453].
          • Montecel, Maria "Cuca" Kosen Roblwedo (b. 19??) Sensei [368][453].
          • continuation of Kennedy Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

            + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

          • RICHARDSON, JANET JINNE (b. 19??), CSJP Roshi (Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace csjpvocations.org) [37][39][54]
            Teacher at Clare Sangha (The Zen Community of Baltimore), Baltimore, MD, US (www.zcbclaresangha.org). J. Richardson is Roshi Kennedy's 1st Dharma Successor [65].
          • Richardson Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • BLACKMAN, BRUCE SEIRYU (b.06 Nov 1942) Sensei. [Roshi Richardson's 3rd Dharma Successor [92][150].
              Teacher at Clare Sangha (The Zen Community of Baltimore), Baltimore, MD, US (www.zcbclaresangha.org) [354].Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            • CRAIG, BARBARA SHOSHIN, R.S.M. (Religious Sisters of Mercy) Sensei (b.18 Jul 1932) [37][116]
              Roshi Richardson's 2nd Dharma Successor. Teacher at Flowing River Sangha, Wilkes-Barre, PA, US (www.geocities.ws/frsangha/)].
              The two Senseis, Craig and Blackman, are now "team teaching" an upcoming group of teachers in the White Plum lineage, establishing thus a joint "Blackman/Craig line" [354].
            • Blackman-Craig Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

              + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

              • Falcone, Anthony Hoetsu (b. 29 Nov 1949 ) Sensei [372].
                Dharma transmission on 3 Dec 2016 by Blackman/Craig Senseis, assistant teacher from 2014 at Clare Sangha (www.zcbclaresangha.org), Baltimore, MD [372].
              • Hebb, John Joho (b. 1 Feb 1952 ) Sensei [372].
                Dharma transmission on 3 Dec 2016 by Blackman/Craig Senseis, assistant teacher from 2014 at Clare Sangha (www.zcbclaresangha.org), Baltimore, MD [372].
              • Sullivan, Edward Sangetsu (b.14 Jan 1951) Sensei [354].
                Dharma transmission in Jun 2014 by Blackman/Craig Senseis. Teacher at Clare Sangha (www.zcbclaresangha.org), Baltimore, MD and Red Rose Sangha (www.redrosesangha.org), Lancaster, PA [354].

            • DOUGHERTY, ROSE MARY MYOAN (22 Jul 1939 - 28 Feb 2019) [420]. Sensei [419].
              Catholic Nun (the order of School Sisters of Notre Dame SSND) [420].
              Received Dharma transmission 12 Jul 2006 [2002]. First guiding teacher and founder of One Heart Sangha/Silver Spring Zendo (www.silverspringzendo.org), MD, US [353].
            • Dougherty Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Dietrich, William (Bill) Ji An (b.1949) Sensei. Received Dharma transmission 5 Sept 2015 [340]. An assistant teacher. A member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [340][353].
              • ERTMAN, ROBERT JIN GEN (b.1949-) Sensei.
                Received Dharma transmission 5 Sept 2015 [340]. An assistant teacher. A member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [340][353]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
              • Ertman Line (7th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
                • Palmiter, Martine Taikai (b.19??) Sensei [445].
                  A long time student of Rose Mary Myoan Dougherty. Received Dharma transmission and authorisation to teach from Robert Ertman on 7 Sep 2019 [443]. Teacher at One Heart Sangha and Silver Spring Zendo (www.silverspringzendo.org) [443]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

            • McQuaide, Rosalie Jishin (b. 19??) CSJP Sensei (Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace csjpvocations.org) [55] Roshi Richardson's 1st Dharma Successor.

          • Schubert, Paul Seiko (b. 19??) Sensei [453][454].
          • Yee, Amy Enhai (b. 19??) Sensei [453].
          • Viggiani, Carl Chimon (19??-16 Jan 2010) [368][369].
          • von Wobeser-Hopfner, Inge Eigen (b. 19??) Sensei [368][453].

          continuation of Glassman Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Lee, Robert Sokan (b. 19??) Sensei [191]
          Empowered by Bernie Glassman as Sensei on Feb. 25, 2007 [191].
        • Lugovina, Francisco Genkoji "Paco" (b. 19??) Sensei [191]
          Empowered by Bernie Glassman as Sensei on Feb. 25, 2007 [191].
        • MATTHIESSEN, PETER MURYO (22 May 1927-05 Apr 2014) Roshi [48][307]
          Inka conferred upon on 30 Dec 97 [59]
          See also Kay Bonetti's interview with P. Matthiessen
        • Matthiessen Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • BASTIS, MADELINE KO-I (b. 19??) Sensei. Received Dharma transmission [180][202].
          • Bastis Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Dobbs, Michel Engu (b. 19??). Sensei Received Dharma transmission [180][202].
          • Friedman, Dorothy Dai-en (Daien) (b. 19??) Sensei. Received Dharma transmission [180].

        • MARKO, EVE MYONEN (b. 19??) Roshi [90][179][442].
          Co-founder of the Zen Peacemaker Order (now The Peacemaker Community). Also, Bernie Glassman's third wife, and the head of Montague farm Zendo attached to the House of One People at the Maezumi Institute in Montague, MA [178]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Marko Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Sprague, John Genyo (b. 19??). Received Dharma transmission from Eve Marko in Aug 2015 [442]. Teacher at the Green River Zen Center (www.greenriverzen.org) [435]. A graduade (1999) of the Vermont College, musician, an interfaith minister through the Universal Life Church [442]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

        • Maull, Fleet Shinryu (b. 19??) Sensei [191]
          Empowered by Bernie Glassman as Sensei on Feb. 25, 2007 [191].
        • NAKAO, WENDY LOU EGYOKU (b. 19??) Roshi [59][265]
          [Teacher at the Zen Center of Los Angeles, CA]. In Jun 2001 Vice-President of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265].
        • Nakao Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Berge, Raul Ensho (b. 19??). Dharma Holder (2006) [200].
          • Boyd, Merle Kodo Plum Dragon (b. 19??) Sensei. Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) in Mar 2006. Teacher at the Lincroft Zen Sangha [200][209].
          • Hawley, Kipp Ryodo (b. 19??). Sensei. Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) in Jun 2007 [200]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Janka, Gary Myogen Koan (b. 19??) Sensei[258]
            Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) from Egyoku Roshi in Oct 2010. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258].

        • NORDSTROM, LOUIS MITSUNEN (b. 1943) Roshi [197]
          Dharma transmission from Bernie Glassman in 1998. Also, independently a Dharma heir of Taizan Maezumi Roshi [197] Teacher at the Brevard Zen Center, FL.
        • Nordstrom Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Denton, Timothy Issai (b. 19??) Sensei. Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) in 2003. Priest and teacher at Wagyoji Temple, Oceanside, NY [197].
          • Hawkins, Roger (b.19??) Sensei. Received Shiho (Dharma transmission) (in ????). A lay Successor with a community in Florida [197].
          • Thompson, Phil Zenkai (b. 19??). Sensei [261].

          continuation of Glassman Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • O'HARA, PAT ENKYO (b. 19??) Roshi [168]
          Teacher at the Village Zendo, New York. Abbott of Dotoku-ji / Village Zendo New York, NY. Since May 2005 Co-Spiritual Director of the Zen Peacemaker Family. Abbot of Soji Zen Center, Lansdowne, PA. In Jun 2001 Member of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265]. Life partner of Barbara Joshin O'Hara [168][204][212].
          Known online teachings by Pat Enkyo O'Hara.
        • O'Hara Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Eiger, Randall Ryotan (b. 19??). Teacher. Received Dharma transmission in Dec 2008 [242].
          • Harris, Jules Shuzen (b. 19??). Teacher. Vice Abbot of Soji Zen Center, Lansdowne, PA. Received Dharma transmission in Dec 2007 [242].
          • Hondorp, Catherine Anraku Eishun (b. 19??). Founding Teacher of the The Zen Center on Main Street, Northampton, MA. Received Dharma transmission in Dec 2009 [242].
          • O'Hara, Barbara Joshin (b. 19??) Sensei. Life partner of Pat O'Hara [204][212]. Received Dharma transmission in Apr 2006 [242]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Terestman, Julie Myoko Kirin (b. 19??) Sensei [258]
            Became Dharma Holder in Jul 2008 [242]. Received Dharma transmission (Denbo) and Transmission of the Precepts (Denkai) from Enkyo Roshi in Feb 2011. Member of theWhite Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258].
          • Thomson, Sinclair Shinryu (b. 19??). Teacher. Received Dharma transmission in Dec 2009 [242].

        • Saunders (formerly Fletcher), Anne Seisen (b. 19??) Roshi [59][111][265][370]
          Teacher at the Sweetwater Zen Center, CA. In Jun 2001 Secretary-Treasurer of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265]. Formerly wife of Charles Tenshin Fletcher, Maezumi Line [370].
        • Singer, Don Ani Shalom Rabbi (b. 19??) [59]
          Zen Teacher in Malibu, CA.
        • end of Glassman Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        continuation of Maezumi ("White Plum Asanga") Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • LOORI, JOHN DAIDO (14 Jun 1931 - 9 Oct 2009) Roshi [85][235]
        Founder and abbot of the Mountains and Rivers Order (MRO), Abbot of the Zen Mountain Monastery.
        Known online teachings by John Daido Loori.
      • Loori Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • ARNOLD, GEOFFREY SHUGEN (b. 1957) Roshi [52][383]
          Training Coordinator and Director of Operations at ZMM, and manages the National Buddhist Prison Sangha. Received Dharma transmission in 1997 [229]
          Known online teachings by Geoffrey Shugen Arnold
        • Arnold Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Kimmel, Jody Hojin (b. 19??) Sensei [229][383].
            "[E]ntered residency at the Monastery in 1990 and began studying with Daido Roshi. In 2007, Daido Roshi recognized her as a dharma holder," Received from Shugen Roshi the transmission of the precepts (Denkai) in 2012. and Dharma transmission (Denbo) on 18 Jun 2017 [384].

        • Goddard, Vanessa Zuisei (b. 19??) Dharma Holder [383].
          "[I]n full-time residential training at the Monastery from 1995 to 2014, fourteen of those years as a monastic. She’s now a senior lay student in the MRO." [383].
        • Green, Ron Hogen (b. 19??) Sensei [383].
          Zen student "since 1978, and was in residential training at the Monastery for twelve years. In 2007, Hogen returned to lay life. He currently lives with his family on a farm in Pennsylvania." [383].
        • Hintz, Joy Jimon (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [229].
        • Marchaj, Konrad Ryushin (b. 19??) Sensei [228]
          Pediatrician and a psychiatrist [390]. Received Dharma transmission in June 2009 [229]. On 25 January 2015, because of discovery of his sexual misconduct Ryushin Sensei was asked by Arnold Shugen to permanently step down as abbot of Zen Mountain Monastery and take six months leave from his responsibilities as a teacher [389]. Since 2015 he teaches independently [390].
        • Treace, Bonnie Myotai (b. 1956) Sensei [52][237]
          The life partner of J. D. Loori [138]. Received Dharma transmission from Daido Roshi in 1996 [237]. The former Vice-Abbess at Zen Mountain Monastery and former spiritual director (abbess) at Zen Center of New York City, the city branch of the Monastery. Member of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [258]. In 2007 the teacher at the newly established Hermitage Heart sangha [207]
          Known online teachings by Bonnie Myotai Treace and Teisho, Mondo, and Informal Teachings by Bonnie Myotai Treace
        • end of Loori Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        continuation of Maezumi ("White Plum Asanga") Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • MERZEL, DENNIS GENPO (b. 1944) Roshi [80]
        Founder of the Kanzeon Sangha line [80][192]
        On 10 Oct 1996, Tetsugen Glassman Roshi conferred Dharma transmission (Inka) upon Genpo Sensei, thus elevating him to the status of Roshi. Simultaneously, Testugen Roshi transferred to Genpo Roshi leadership of the White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [27]. In Feb 2011 Merzel Roshi resigned “from White Plum Asanga membership as well as an Elder of the White Plum. This resignation is a result of his recent disclosures regarding sexual misconduct with several of his students.” [264][391][392][436]. Following the scandal Dennis Genpo Merzel has self-disrobed as a Zen priest [391][436]. After a few years spent outside regular institutional Zen, In 2018 (or sooner), he self-reasumed his pastoral duties by conferring (presumably on the strength of his former attainments), an "inka" seal on his long-time student Niko Sojun Tydeman Sensei [398].
      • Merzel Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Bakker, Irene Kaigetsu Kyojo (b. 19??) Roshi [145][193][310]
          A student of Zen in the White Plum Sangha tradition since the mid-80s. Also, independently, Bakker Roshi is a Dharma heir of Joan Jiko Halifax Roshi [310] and a teacher at the Upaya Zen Center, New Mexico [311].
        • Braunek, Malgosia Jiho (30 Jan 1947-23 Jun 2014) Sensei, Dharma Successor [144][227][309]
          Teacher at the Kandzeon Sangha, Warsaw, Poland.
        • van de Bunt, Kees Kongo (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Caille, Laurent Hozan (b. 19??) [Assistant teacher, departed Kanzeon Sangha in 1996] [98][112].
          Declared to be "No longer in good standing or authorized by Genpo Roshi to teach Zen in any way shape or form" [193].
        • Christofferson, Richard Taido (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145][193]
          Teacher at the Trikaya Zen Center, Seattle, WA [255].
        • COPPENS, ANTON TENKEI (b. 1949) Roshi, Dharma Successor [16][80][98][112][144]
          Teacher at the Zen River, The Netherlands. Husband of Tamara Gabrysch [213].
        • Coppens Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • de Boer, Simon Senko (b. 19??) Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • Lopez-Doriga, Jorge Ryusho (b. 19??) Lay Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • Fischer, Hans Daishin (b. 19??) Lay Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • den Hollander, Peter Gakudo (b. 19??) Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • Kasman, Anjo Koren (b. 19??) Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • van de Roer, Robert Doin (b. 19??) Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].
          • Vulink, Helma Jifu (b. 19??) Dharma Successor. Assistant teacher [317][318].

          continuation of Merzel Line (3th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Coppens, Stephan Kenjipsu (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145][193].
        • Curtice, Jim Kuzan (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Dubois, Michel Genko (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
          Teacher at the Flatt, John Shodo (27 Aug 1913-5 Feb 1994) Sensei. Dharma Successor [112][144].
        • Fraser, Colin Gonin (b. 1958) Assistant teacher [19][98]. Declared to be "No longer in good standing or authorized by Genpo Roshi to teach Zen in any way shape or form" [193].
        • Gabrysch, Nancy Genshin (b. 1937) Roshi, Dharma Successor [98][146][192]. Mother of Tamara Myoho Gabrysch Sensei (below)[318].
        • Gabrysch, Tamara Myoho (b. 1961) Dharma Successor [98][146][193][214]. Sensei [318] Wife of Anton Coppens Roshi [213]. Daughter of Nancy Genshin Gabrysch Roshi [318].
        • Gericke, Alexandra Mushin (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145][193].
        • Gregory, Oscar Sodo Zerafa (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Groenewoud, Wilma Shinko (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [98][112][146][193].
        • Hamilton, Diane Musho (b. 1958) Sensei. Dharma Successor [192][255]
          Wife of Michael Mugaku Zimmerman (see below). Transmission May, 2006. Teacher at The Boulder Mountain Zendo, which has locations in Salt Lake City and Torrey, Utah [255].
        • Harris, Jules Shuzen (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [98][146].
        • Kaales, Rein Konpo (b. 1946) Assistant teacher [98][146][193].
        • Kahn, Paul Kuzan Genki (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193] Dharma and Lineage Holder in both Dennis Genpo Merzel, and Bernie Glassman lineages [146][166][193].
        • Kerssies, Lida Myoen (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Knegtel, Maurice Shonen (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Krajewski, Andrzej Getsugen (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Lee, Robert (Bob) Sokan (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193]
        • Lehrhaupt, Linda Myoki (b. 19??) Assistant teacher within Dennis Genpo Merzel line [98][145][193]. Also, independently, received Dharma Transmission from Rapaport Roshi in 2012 [446] (see "Rapaport Line").
        • McNamara, Lynn Shozen (b. 1961) Assistant teacher, departed Kanzeon Sangha in 1994 [98][112]. Declared to be "No longer in good standing or authorized by Genpo Roshi to teach Zen in any way shape or form" [193].
        • Malinowski, Hank Yoshin (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145].
        • PAGES, CATHERINE GENNO (b. 1942) Roshi, Dharma Successor [80][144][154][348]
          Received Dharma transmission in 1992 (becoming a Sensei) [238]. Received Dharma transmission (Inka) on 16th Jan 2005 [231][238].
          Teacher at the L'Association Kanzeon, and subsequently L'Association Dana, France [98][112][255].
        • Pages Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Frottier, Corinne (b. 1953) Sensei. Dharma Successor [230][238][348].
            Teacher at GenjoAn zen center in Hamburg, Germany (www.genjoan.net/en/) [348].
          • Hollowell, Amy (b. 1958) Roshi. Dharma Successor [154][238].
            Teacher at Wild Flower Zen in Paris, France (www.wildflowerzen.org) [348].
          • de Waele, Frank (b. 19??) Roshi. Dharma Successor [154][172][348].
            Teacher at the Zen Sangha, Ghent (zensangha.be).
          • Oltheten, Michel (b. 1954) Sensei. Dharma Successor [232][233][348].
            Teacher at the Dana Zen Center The Hague, Netherlands (www.zenhaag.nl) [233]. Teacher at Zen Heart Sangha in Den Haag,
            the Netherlands (www.zenheart.nl/?Michel-Oltheten) [348].
          • Rey, Marzena Ryonen (b. 19??) Hoshi ("Dharma Holder"). Assistant teacher (Sensei) [232][234]
            Teacher at the Zen Sangha Mainz (formerly Zen Kreis Mainz), Germany [234].
            Also, on 20 Jun 2014 received Dharma Transmission [349] from Nicolee Jikyo Miller-McMahon Roshi (see "Miller-McMahon Line"),
            who appointed her as a teacher [348].

          continuation of Merzel Line (3th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • RAPAPORT, AL FUSHO (b. 19??) Roshi [446][98]
          Teacher, formerly in Salt Lake City. Since 2004 he heads Open Mind Zen School in Melbourne, FL, US [155][210]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          Declared to be "No longer in good standing or authorized by Genpo Roshi to teach Zen in any way shape or form" [192][193].
        • Rapaport Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Diaz, Frank Seisho (b. 19??). Senior Assistant Zen Teacher (Hoshi) in the Open Mind Zen Lineage [446].
            Ph.D., member of the faculty at Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University [446]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Epstein, Robert (b. 19??). Senior Assistant Zen Teacher (Hoshi) in the Open Mind Zen Lineage [446].
            Student of Rapaport Roshi since 2015. Received Hoshi status in 2020 [446].
            Teaxcher of Iyengar Yoga and deep tissue massage [446]. Ordained by the New Seminary as an Interfaith Minister [446].
          • Garza, Kellie Shojaku (b. 19??). Senior Assistant Zen Teacher (Hoshi) [446].
            Assistant Teacher at Open Mind Zen Melbourne since 2016 [446]. Senior Assistant Zen Teacher (Hoshi) in the Open Mind Zen Lineage since early 2019 [446].
            Licensed mental health counselor (LMHC) [446]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Lehrhaupt, Linda Myoki (b. 19??) Sensei [446].
            Zen practitioner since 1997 [446]. Ordained as a Zen priest in 1992 [446]. Studied with Genpo Merzel Roshi (who made her a teacher within his "Merzel Line") and Nico Tydeman Sensei [446]. Received Dharma Transmission from Rapaport Roshi in 2012 [446].
            Ph.D. in Performance Studies from New York University [446]. Founder and Director of the Institute for Mindfulness-Based Approaches IMA based in Bedburg (NW from Cologne), Germany [446].
          • Mitchell, Russell Kyofu Seikyo (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [446].
            Student of Rapaport Roshi since 2012. Received Hoshi (assistant teacher) status in 2020 [446]. A "Dharma transmitted priest in the Clear Mind School of Zen" [446]. Certified Safety Professional and a Fellow of the International System Safety Society Inc. [446].
          • Owen, Rick (b. 19??). Teacher [155][210]
          • Smith, Betsy (b. 19??). Assistant teacher [210].
          • Paszkiewicz, Joshua Sunyananda (b. 19??) Assistant Teacher and Zen priest [446].
            "Fully authorized teacher in Vietnamese and Korean Zen schools" [446]. A student of Rapaport Roshi, from whom received Hoshi (assistant teacher) status in 2019 [446]. a "Dharma transmitted priest in the Clear Mind School of Zen" [446].
            An "M.A. in Religion, a Doctor of Ministry in Pastoral Psychotherapy, and board certification as both a Pastoral Counselor and a Clinical Chaplain" [446].
          • Smith, Kevin (b. 19??). Assistant teacher [210].
          • Solis, Andy Hoseki (b. 19??) Sensei [446].
            Studied Zen with Thich Nhat Hanh in the late 1990’s [446]. Received Dharma Transmission from Rapaport Roshi in 2020 [446].
            A lawyer, martial artist and professional tennis player [446]. Graduate of Chaplaincy Institute in Berkeley, CA and ordained as an interfaith chaplain/minister in 2010 [446].
          • Stamper, Michael Jiun (b. 19??) Sensei [446].
            Zen practitioner since 2005 [446]. Received Dharma Transmission from Rapaport Roshi in 2020 [446].
            Ph.D. in Mythological Studies/Depth Psychology, and a BA/MA in Economics [446]. Graduate of Chaplaincy Institute in Berkeley, CA and ordained as an interfaith chaplain/minister in 2010 [446]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Vititoe, David Jitsusan (b. 19??) Sensei [446].
            Zen practitioner since 2009 [446]. Received Dharma Transmission from Rapaport Roshi in 2019 [446].
            Ph.D. in Physics [446]. Software engineer [446]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Zivin, Gail (b. 19??) Sensei [446].
            Studied Theravada Buddhism since 1991 and Zen (with Roshi Pat Enkyo O’Hara) since 2001 [446]. Subsequently a student Rapaport Roshi who made her "Assistant Teacher with Open Mind Zen in 2016 and Hoshi, or Senior Assistant Teacher in 2019" [446].
            Ph.D. and Professor of Psychiatry at Thomas Jefferson University [446].

          continuation of Merzel Line (3th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Roberson, George Jisho (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145][193].
        • Sato Gerpheide, Karen C. (KC) Zero Kyozen (b. 19??) Sensei [391][392].
          Student and dharma successor of Merzel Roshi. Their joint sexual misconduct has brought about her departure from White Plum Asanga and his resignation (Feb 2011) from both leadership and membership of the Asanga as well as self-disrobing as a Zen priest [391][392]. Also, independently a student and Dharma Holder of Paul Kahn Roshi (see "Paul Kahn Line").
        • Scott, David Dohi Shoji (b. 19??) Hoshi ("Dharma Holder"). Assistant teacher [145][193]
          Teacher at the Liverpool Zen Buddhist Group, UK [151]. In 2008 he formally became a student of Charles Fletcher Roshi
          from who, in Oct 2009, received Dharma transmission (shiho) and a title of Sensei [254].
        • Shigeoka, Mark Seiryo (b. 1955) Assistant teacher [98][146][193].
        • Silberberg, Daniel Doen (b. 1947) Sensei. Dharma Successor [98][144]
          Teacher at the Lost Coin Group [255].
        • continuation of Merzel Line (3th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • TYDEMAN, NICO NIKO SOJUN (b. 1942) Sensei/Roshi [98][135][144][398]
          Teacher at the Zen Centre of Amsterdam (ZCA). Previously the teacher at the Zengroep Rotterdam Kanzeon the Netherlands [106].
          Received Dharma transmission from Dennis Merzel in 2004 [398] and "inka" (the final seal of approval) on 30 Jun 2018, in ZCA [399].
          The latter ceremony took place despite the Feb 2011 scandal at White Plum Asanga [392], an abdication of Dennis Genpo Merzel
          from its membership and self-disrobing as a Zen priest [391]. Nico Tydeman himself was in the center of a scandal in 2017 centered on his secret
          sexual misconduct 2010 to 2013 with a female Zen student [399]. By July 2018 Nico Tydeman "the founder, spiritual leader and teacher
          of the Zen Center Amsterdam (ZCA)", announced his intention "to resign his position as spiritual leader to that center" [399].
        • Tydeman Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • AERTS, GRETHA MYOSHIN Roshi (b. 1947) [193][308][408]
            Received from Dennis Merzel permission to teach as an assistant teacher [193].
            Received inka in Jan 2019 from Tydeman Roshi [408]. In Feb 2011 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [308].
            Teacher at the Zen Center Rotterdam/Zengroep Rotterdam Kanzeon, Netherlands [308].
            Aerts Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Huijg, Leo Ahimsa Sumitra (b. 19??) Sensei [408]
              In Feb? 2019 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Aerts Roshi [408].
            • Lindeboom, Marli Jifu Daigen (b. 19??) Sensei [408]
              In Feb? 2019 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Aerts Roshi [408].
          • Bruin de, Daan Zazenshin Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Demmers Jacky Shobogenzo Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Eckhart, Rob Daigan Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2018 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Roshi [408].
          • Heijman, Marieke Virya Sensei (b. 19??) [398][408].
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • ten Hengel, Lolit Abhaya Sensei (b. 19??) [308]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [398][408].
          • van der Heuvel, Meindert Musho Seiju Roshi (b. 19??) [308][398][408]
            Received inka in Jan 2019 from Tydeman Roshi [408]. In May 2011 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [308].
            Earlier, received from Dennis Merzel permission to teach as an assistant teacher [193].
          • Huiberts, Joke Dharma Traan Dajun Roshi (b. 19??) [308][398].
            Received inka in Jan 2019 from Tydeman Roshi [408]. In Aug 2011 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [308].
          • Klungers, Jan Mukan Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Lemaire, Maria Ryuzenmuki Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Pol, Martin Myoki Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2018 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Roshi [408].
          • Scheepers, Willem Kando Kaishin Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Scheres, Ben Verlichtende Natuur Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2018 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Roshi [408].
          • Uijtdehaage, Ronald Keiyaku Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2018 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Roshi [408].
          • Veldkamp, Julia Jinne Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2018 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Roshi [408].
          • Verstegen, Dick Butsugen Sensei (b. 19??) [408]
            In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [408].
          • Wierenga, Cornelia Gyokushin Sensei (b. 19??) [398]. In 2017 received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Tydeman Sensei [308][408].
          • end of Tydeman Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Wellenstein, Jacqueline Shosui (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [145][193].
        • von Wolkahof, Christian Jikishin (b. 19??) [193]. Sensei [456].
          Received Transmission ('shiho') from Genpo Merzel Roshi in 2018. "He currently teaches in Dusseldorf and his website is https://kanzeon.nl/" [456] and
        • von Wolkahof, Marcela Ensei (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [193].
        • Zimmerman, Michael Mugaku (b. 1943) Sensei. Dharma Successor [192][255]
          Husband of Diane Musho Hamilton (see above). Received Transmission in Dec 2006. Teacher at The Boulder Mountain Zendo,
          which has locations in Salt Lake City and Torrey, Utah [255]. In Jun 2001 Member of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265].
        • end of Merzel Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        continuation of Maezumi ("White Plum Asanga") Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • MILLER-MCMAHON, NICOLEE JIKYO (b. 19??) Roshi [84][85] Dharma Successor [163][291]
        Received Dharma transmission from Taizan Maezumi Roshi in 1995. She is a co-founder of Three Treasures Zen Community. Together with her husband, Barry Kaigen McMahon (see above), the teacher at the Three Treasures Zen Community.
        Known online teachings by Nicolee Miller-McMahon.
      • Miller-McMahon Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Althouse, Robert Joshin (b. 29 Mar 1949) Sensei. Dharma Successor.[29][84][163]
          Teacher at the Zen Center of Hawaii, HI. Teacher at the Zen Community of Oak Park, Chicago, IL.]
          Known online teachings by Robert Althouse.
        • Gage, John (Jake) Jiyu (b. 19??) Roshi, Dharma Successor [163][218][291]
          Received Dharma Transmisssion in 2003. Founder of the Vista Zen Center, CA. Formerly a teacher at the Three Treasures Zen Community, CA][163][216][218].
        • Hoeberichts, Joan Hogetsu (b. 19??) Roshi, Dharma Successor [163]
          Teacher at the Heart Circle Sangha, Ridgewood NJ [163]. In Jun 2001 Member of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265].
        • Jordan, William (Bill) Yoshin (b. 19??) [85] Sensei. Dharma Successor [163]
          [Teacher at the Santa Monica Zen Center, CA [162].
        • Pirruccello, Ann (Annie) Purna Jyakunen (b. 19??) Roshi. Dharma Successor [220][290]. Professor of philosophy at the University of San Diego, CA [435].
          Received Dharma transmission from Nicolee Jikyo McMahon Roshi in 2009. [290]. Received Inka Shomei from Jikyo Roshi in 2018, Teacher at the Vista Zen Center, CA [434]. Formerly a teacher at the Three Treasures Zen Community [290]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Rey, Marzena Ryonen (b. 19??) Sensei [349][348][232][234]
          Teacher at the Zen Kreis Mainz, Germany [234]
          On 20 Jun 2014 received Dharma Transmission [349] from Nicolee Jikyo Miller-McMahon Roshi, who also appointed her a teacher [348].
          Earlier, an assistant teacher appointed by Catherine Pages (see "Pages Line")[348].
        • Sarian, Steve Aishi (b. 19??) [221]
          Teaching Assistant at the Three Treasures Zen Community, CA.
        • end of Miller-McMahon Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • Nordstrom, Louis Mitsunen (b. 1943) Roshi. Additionally, a Dharma heir of B. Glassman (see "Glassman Line") [197].
      • Sanderson, John Tesshin (b. 19??) [85].
      • WICK, GERRY SHISHIN (b. 19??) Roshi [85][265]
        Teacher at the Great Mountain Zen Center in Boulder, CO, US [28]. In Jun 2001 President of the Board of The White Plum Asanga (WPA) (www.whiteplum.org) [265].
      • Wick Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Kempe, Karin Ryuku (b. 19??) Dharma heir [463].
          The appointment by Gerry Wick Roshi follows an earlier one by Danan Henry Roshi (see "Henry Line")
          Studied with Shishin Wick Roshi at Great Mountain Zen Center since 1993 till now) [463]. Received Inka from the S. Wick Roshi in 2019 [463]

          end of Wick Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

      • Yeo, William Nyogen (b. 10 Apr 1936) [59]
        Teacher at Hazy Moon Zen Center, Los Angeles, CA, US.
      • end of Maezumi ("White Plum Asanga") Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    • Satomi, Myodo Ni (2 Aug 1896-2 Mar 1978). Yasutani’s first Dharma heir [351]. Declined to be a teacher.
    • YAMADA, KYOZO KOUN ZENSHIN (Mar 1907-13 Sep 1989) [10][196]
      Since 1973, following the death of Yasutani Hakuun Roshi, head of Sanbo Kyodan school.
      Known online teachings by Koun Yamada.
      Known online koan commentaries by Koun Yamada.
    • Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
      • Adachi, Doshu Zuiun-ken (b. 19??)
      • Aitken, Anne An Tanshin aka Anne Arundel Hopkins Aitken (8 Feb 1911-13 Jun 1994) [3] Upon formal completion of her studies with Yamada Roshi she declined to be a teacher, and did not receive Yamada's transmission [93]. Wife of R. Aitken Roshi and co-founder of the Diamond Sangha Zen community.
      • AITKEN, ROBERT BAKER DAIRYU CHOTAN GYOUN (19 Jun 1917 - 5 Aug 2010) Roshi [2][243]
        In addition to studies with Yamada, Kyozo Koun Roshi he also studied with Senzaki Nyogen and Nakagawa Soen. Founder (together with his wife, Anne Arundel Hopkins Aitken) and teacher of the Diamond Sangha Line of Zen. For details of the Sangha's ethical framework see the text of Dec 1999 Diamond Sangha Teachers Circle Ethics Agreement. [This document was ratified in 2000 [138], although not much heeded by some of its signatories - ed.].
        Known online teachings by Robert Aitken and his translations of the official Daily Zen Sutras.
      • Aitken Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
        • Alcalde, Augusto Nyo'ei Gen'un (b. 7 Nov 1950) Roshi [4]
          Teacher at the Vimalakirti Sangha, Shobo-an, Cordoba, Argentina, and a visiting teacher at the Melbourne Zen Group, Melbourne, Australia. In Apr/Mar 2001 he has formally resigned from the Diamond Sangha, has discontinued most of his teaching engagements and has given up the use of the title "Roshi." [100]
          Known online teachings by Augusto Alcalde].
        • Barzaghi, Subhana, Gyo Shin, Myo-Un-An (b.7 Aug 1954) Roshi.
          Also a teacher appointed by John Tarrant (see "Tarrant Line") [113].
        • Bobrow, Joseph (b. 19??) [20]
          Teacher at the Deep Streams Zen Institute (formerly known as The Harbour Sangha), San Francisco, CA]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • BOLLETER, ROSS (b.18 Jul 1946) Roshi [34]
          In parallel with Transmission from Robert Aitken he also received Transmission from J. Tarrant (see "Tarrant Line") [113]. Teacher at the Zen Group of Western Australia, Perth, Australia. Teacher at the Maitai Zendo Nelson, New Zealand. A composer]
          Known online teachings by Ross Bolleter.
        • Bolleter Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Jaksch, Mary Jise (b. 1947) Roshi [63][141]
            Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Ross Bolleter Roshi in 1999 [323]. Received Transmission from R. Bolleter in Mar 2004][140][323]
            Teacher at the Maitai Zendo, Nelson, NZ
            Known online teachings by Mary Jaksch.
          • JOYNER, ROBERT G. (b. 9 Apr 1937) Roshi [110][133][148][426]
            Was a student of Robert Aitken Roshi [427].
            Received from Ross Bolleter permission to teach in 1999 and Dharma Transmission in 2003 [426].
            Teacher at the Adelaide Zen Group in Adelaide, South Australia.
          • Joyner Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Carson, Imelda (b.19??) Apprentice teacher [426]
              Commenced Zen training in 1980s. Has also studied with Susan Murphy [427]. A student of Robery Joyner since 2003. Received permission to teach from Robert Joiyner in Nov 2018 [427].

          • MURPHY, SUSAN MYO SEI RYU'UN AN (b.17 Jun 1950) Roshi [62][137]
            Received appointment to teach from John Tarrant in 1998 [322]. On 11 Jun 2001 she received Transmission from Ross Bolleter. Two weeks later, on 24 Jun 2001 received Transmission from J. Tarrant (see "Tarrant Line") [138]. The founding teacher of Zen Open Circle group in Sydney, Australia [96]. Together with Subhana Barzaghi, teacher of the Melbourne Zen Group since 2001. In 2015 accepted the invitation of the Hobart Mountains and Rivers Zen Sangha to become their primary teacher [322].
               [Editor's note: Acc. to S. Murphy transmission from her former partner Ross Bolleter was "in complete accord with the ethical framework and long-established practice of the Diamond Sangha in the years in which [... the] relationship took place" [138]. This declaration might appear to be in conflict with the point (g) of the Diamond Sangha's formal ethics agreement as codified and ratified a year earlier, in 2000, by the senior teachers of Diamond Sangha. However, on 20 Nov 2015 Susan Murphy has kindly provided notes [322] that cast additional light on the Diamond Sangha's overall interpersonal and local cultural context of the transmission ceremony of 11 Jun 2001].
          • Murphy Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Fisher, Kirk (b. 1962) Sensei [373]
              Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Susan Murphy Roshi in April 2016 [373].
              Teacher at the Melbourne Zen Group, Victoria, Australia (mzg.org.au).

          • Sweetman, Ian (b. 19??) Sensei [83][190]
            Teacher at the Zen Group of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
          • Wallis, Glen (b. 19??) Roshi [323]
            Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Ross Bolleter Roshi in ?? [323]. Received Transmission from R. Bolleter on 5 Dec 2010 [323]
            Teacher at the Dunedin Zen Group, Dunedin, NZ [323].
          • WELLS, ARTHUR (b. 19??) Roshi [323]
            Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Ross Bolleter Roshi in Feb 2007 [323]. Received Transmission from R. Bolleter on 2 Sep 2012 [323]
            Teacher at the Christchurch Zen Group, Christchurch, NZ
          • Wells Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Weaver, Sean (b. 19??) Sensei [323]
              Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Arthur Wells Roshi on 2 Aug 2015 [323]. (alternative date Jun 2015 [428])

        • HENRY, MICHAEL DANAN (b.12 Nov 1939) Roshi [130][186]
          The appointment by Robert Aitken Roshi follows an earlier one by Philip Kapleau] (see "Kapleau Line"). Founding eacher at the Zen Center of Denver, CO [28]. Current teacher of Old Bones Sangha, a small group of mostly senior students [388].
          Known online teachings (decade 1995-2005) by Henry Danan.
        • Henry Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Dunley, David Shonen (b. Dec 1969)..
            Registered Nurse [461]. Between Sep 1991 and Jan 2006 a priest, zendo leader, office manager, administrator and a student of Danan Henry at Zen Center of Denver [462]. Also studied with Robert Aitken Roshi in Kaimu, Hawaii (Dec 1999-Jan 2000) [461]. Received priestly ordination from Danan Henry on 19 Feb 2000 [461]. Continued studies with Harada Tangen Roshi at Bukkoku-ji temple, Obama, Japan (May 2002-June 2003) [461]. Received Inka from Roshi Danan Henry on 23 Jan 2006 and, initially, planned to serve as an Apprentice Teacher to a future Zen group in Arizona [461]. Eventually, he has "gone on to other spiritual paths, first Roman Catholicism, and currently [i.e. in 2021] Ramakrishna Vedanta." [461].
            Known online teachings (of 8 Jan 2006) by Dunley Shonen.
          • Holmgren, John Edward Hoag (b. 1964) Apprentice Teacher.
            Authorized by Danan Henry Roshi on April 26, 2018 [388].
          • Kempe, Karin Ryuku (b. 19??) Sensei [378].
            Medical doctor (MD 1981) [463]. Studied with Philip Kapleau Roshi and Toni Packer in Zen Center of Rochester (1971 to 1981) [463]. Studied with Danan Henry (2000-2010). Authorised to teach by Danan Henry Roshi. Teacher at the Zen Center of Denver [186]. In 2001-2005 the Head of Zendo at Zen Center of Denver [215]. Received Dharma transmission from Danan Henry Roshi on 12 Sep 2010 [247]. Studied with Shishin Wick Roshi at Great Mountain Zen Center (1993 to current)[463]. Received Inka from the S. Wick Roshi in 2019 (see "Wick Line") [463]. Since 2011-current - Spiritual Director Zen Center of Denver [463] Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Martin, Rafe (b. 1946) Sensei [286][330][334].
            Teacher at Endless Path Zendo, Rochester NY. Danan Roshi sanctioned Rafe as an Apprentice Dharma Teacher in 2012 [287]. Received Dharma transmission from Roshi Danan Henry on 30 Jun 2016 [330][388]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
          • Morgareidge, Ken Tetsuzan (b. 19??) Sensei [378].
            PhD in Physiology. Authorised to teach by Danan Henry Roshi. Teacher at the Zen Center of Denver [186]. In 2005-2007 the Head of Zendo at Zen Center of Denver [215]. Received Dharma transmission from Danan Henry Roshi on 12 Sep 2010 [247].
          • Sheehan, Peggy Metta (b. 19??) Sensei [378]. Medical doctor. Authorised to teach by Danan Henry Roshi. Teacher at the Zen Center of Denver [186]. In 2001-2005 the Head of Zendo at Zen Center of Denver [215]. Received Dharma transmission from Danan Henry Roshi on 12 Sep 2010 [247].
          • end of Henry Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

          continuation of Aitken Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Dawson, Geoff (b. 19??) Assistant teacher within R. Aitken Line, gone independent.
          Following the separation from R. Aitken Roshi and J. Tarrant Roshi, Geoff Dawson became, in late 1990s, a student of Joko Beck Roshi (see "Beck Line") .
          Received Dharma transmission from Joko Beck in 2003 [257]. Teacher at the Ordinary Mind Zen School Sydney, Australia.
          Known online teachings (1) by Geoff Dawson.
          Known online teachings (2) by Geoff Dawson.
        • DROSTEN, ROLF (b. 19??) Rev. Roshi
          Teacher at the Leverkusen Zen Group, also known as the "Wolken und Mond Sangha" (Clouds and Moon Sangha), Leverkusen, Germany [62][122][134].
        • Drosten Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Zill, Burkard (b. 19??) Apprentice teacher [113].

        • DUFFY, JACK KENZAN KAN'UN KEN (b.22 Jun 1951) Roshi [45][46][324]
          Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Robert Aitken Roshi in Jan 1992. Dharma transmission from Aitken Roshi in 1997 [324].
          Teacher at the Three Treasures Sangha, Seattle, US [46][66][324]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Duffy Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Bolling, Madelon Yamane (b. 19??) Sensei [324]
            Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Jack Duffy Roshi in 2012 [324].
            Teacher at the Three Treasures Sangha, Seattle, US [324].
          • Shields, Lee (b. 19??) Sensei [324]
            Appointed Sensei (or apprentice teacher) by Jack Duffy Roshi in 2012 [324].
            Teacher at the Three Treasures Sangha, Seattle, US [324].
          • Zeedyk, Jana Genmyo Kyoku'un Ken (b. 29 May 1953) Independent Teacher [169][394].
            Received full Dharma transmission from Jack Duffy Roshi on 14 Sep 2018 at Mountain Lamp Community near Deming, WA [394]. Also, ordained in Soto tradition in 2009 by Kōshū Itabashi Zenji (the 23rd abbot of Sojiji, Japan) [395] and received dharma transmission in 2013 from Niyama Shoshun Roshi (Kounji Temple, Oirase-cho, Aomori Prefecture, Japan [395][400]..
            Since 2012 Teacher at the Anchorage Zen Community, Anchorage, AK [395]

        • FOSTER, NELSON (b. 1951) [113]
          Teacher at the Ring of Bone Zendo, California, and at the Honolulu Diamond Sangha, Hawaii, US [62]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
        • Foster Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Kieran, Michael (b. 19??) [Dharma guide][43][74]
            Co-teacher at the Honolulu Diamond Sangha, Hawaii, US [113]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

          + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

        • HAWK, PATRICK (PAT) SEISHO SHIN'UN (18 Nov 1942-8 May 2012) Fr. Roshi [6][181][279]
          "Fr. Hawk Roshi formally began Zen practice in 1978 as a student of Robert Aitken Roshi; and in 1981 as a student of Fr. Willigis Jaeger (OSB) Roshi. Fr. Pat Hawk Roshi received Dharma transmission from Aitken Roshi and was confirmed a Zen Master of the Diamond Sangha in May, 1989. Fr. Hawk was an ordained priest in the Roman Catholic church, and a member of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists)." [279]
          Teacher at the Zen Desert Sangha, Tucson, AZ US [103]
          Teacher at the Mountain Cloud Zen Center, Santa Fe, NM
        • Hawk Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Dorsey, Dan (b. 19??) Roshi [279]
            Appointed Associate Teacher in 2010 by Patrick Hawk Roshi in 2012 [326]. Received Dharma transmission from Patrick Hawk Roshi in 2012 [326].
            Teacher at the Zen Desert Sangha, Tucson, AZ US [279].
          • Larson, Kristen (b. 19??) Roshi [279]
            Teacher at the North Olympic Sangha (NO Sangha), Port Angeles, US [279].
          • Marcel, Leonard (b. 1942) Roshi [62][118][289]
            Received Dharma transmission from Patrick Hawk Roshi in Oct 2001 [325]. Worked in Dharan, Saudi Arabia since 1993 and returned to Portland, Oregon in Feb 2003 [325]. Since 2004 the Teacher of Seven Thunders sangha in Oregon. Was the Guest Teacher at the Leverkusen Zen Group, Germany].
          • WALKER, ROBERT (BOB) (b. 19??) Roshi [113][211][279].
          • Walker Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Sanders, Paul (b. 19??) [assistant teacher][245].

          • Saalfeld, Joan SNJM (b. 19??) [279]
            Note: Marcel Leonard Roshi writes 23 May 2013: “[T]o the best of my knowledge, Hawk Roshi gave Sr Joan Saalfeld permission to lead Christian contemplative retreats, but did not give her Dharma transmission.” [289].
          • Weimar, Susan (b. 19??) Roshi [279]
            Teacher at the Zen Desert Sangha, Tucson, AZ US, The Flagstaff Zen Group, and Empty Sky Sangha [279].

          continuation of Aitken Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • Gyger, Pia Jinji (b. 1940) Sr. Roshi [62][223]
          Teacher at the One Ground Sangha, Luzern, Switzerland]
        • Morgan, Marian (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [74].
        • STEGER, MANFRED B. (b. 23 Mar 1961) [assistant teacher at the Diamond Sangha, gone independent in mid 1991 [42]
          Co-founder and co-teacher (together with his wife and subsequent Dharma-heir, Perle Besserman) of the Princeton Area Zen Group, Princeton NJ, US [42]
          Known online materials by M. Steger.
          Steger Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Besserman, Perle [aka Perle Epstein, Perle S. Epstein] (b. 21 Aug 1948) Sensei [459][460]
            Wife of Manfred Steger. Writer. Lecturer at New York Univ., Southwest China U., Briarcliff College, U. of Hawaii, Rutgers U., and at Illinois State U. Presenter of workshops on Kabbalah, Zen, and women's spirituality [460]. Between 1984-1991 she was a studernt of Robert Aitken [459]. She did not receive from Aitken Roshi a sanction to teach. Since 1992 a teacher at the Princeton Area Zen Group [459].

          • BOYLE, BILL (b. 19??) Sensei [459]
            Since 2005 a teacher at the Princeton Area Zen Group [459].
          • Boyle Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Boyle, David (b. 19??) Sensei [459]
              Since 20?? a teacher at the Princeton Area Zen Group [459].
        • continuation of Aitken Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        • TARRANT, JOHN MAXWELL NANRYU JI'UN-KEN (b.14 Aug 1949) Roshi [13][429]
          Between 1 Aug 1989-31 Aug 2001 worked in Santa Rosa, CA as a licenced psychologist (State of California, Dept. of Consumer Affairs, Board of Psychology) [429]. Left the Diamond Sangha in late 1999 [72]
          Head and teacher of the California Diamond Sangha, an organization renamed in Jan 2000 as the Pacific Zen Institute, US [74][82]
          Some of the online teachings by John Tarrant; another group of his teachings.
        • Tarrant Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
          • Atwill, Allison (b. 5 Mar 1959) Roshi [280][288][320]
            Practice Leader for the Santa Barbara group of the Pacific Zen Institute (PZI) [281]. Teacher at the Coral Moon Zen in Santa Barbara, CA [320].
          • BARZAGHI, SUBHANA GYO SHIN, MYO-UN-AN (b. 7 Aug 1954) Roshi [5]
            In parallel with Transmission from J. Tarrant she also received Transmission from Robert Aitken (see "Aitken Line") [113]. Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, and visiting teacher at the Melbourne Zen Group, Melbourne, Australia]
            Known online teachings by Subhana Barzaghi.
          • Barzaghi Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Burke, Sexton (28 Jul 1944-2011) Roshi [188][305][306]
              Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia.
            • COOTE, GILLIAN JITSU MU (b. 28 Jul 1944) Roshi [71][189][321]
              Received Dharma transmission in Jun 2004 [321]. Teacher at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia
            • Coote Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Moon, Will (b.19??) [423]
                Since 2019 [458] apprentice teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia.

            • Davison, Ellen (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [113].
            • Gluek, Maggie Seiryu (b. 19??) Roshi [132][321]
              Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia. Received Dharma transmission in Apr 2015 [321].
            • Farrin, Barry Doshin Kusan (b. 8 Apr 1945) Roshi [410][412][466].
              Studied Vipassana and Zen meditation, since 1984 [412]. Founder of (in Jun 1989) and subsequently Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Forest Way Zen, Doonan, QLD, Australia. Appointed a Sensei (teacher) in the Diamond Sangha Zen tradition in 2004 [412]. Received Dharma transmission in 9 Aug 2015 [410].
              Additionally, was ordained 8 Mar 2020 "In Soto Zen" at Cooroy, QLD [466] and on 11 Mar 2020 received Transmission "In Soto Zen" from James Ford Roshi (see "Ford Line") [466].
            • MALONEY, PAUL (b.18 Feb 1939) Roshi [123][321]
              Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia. Teacher of the SZC Blue Mountains group [321].
            • Maloney Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Andino, Jane (b. 19??) Apprentice teacher [411][424].
                Pianist and composer. Began Zen practice in 2006. Since 2007 took parts in sesshins of the Sydney Zen Centre [424].
                Since circa Mar 2017 [425] apprentice teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia.
              • Ward, Jeff Kagetsu Kikai-ken (b. 1954) Assistant teacher [385]
                Began Buddhist practice in 1975 and has practiced in the Zen tradition since mid-1980s in Japan and Australia.
                Received Transmission on 13 Sep 2017. Also on the same day, in parallel with Transmission from P. Maloney, he received Transmission from Subhana Barzaghi (see "Barzaghi Line") [385].
                Teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Canberra Zen Group, Australia [385].

            • Marett, Alan (b. 19??) Roshi [426][427]
              Received permission [from Subhana Barzaghi?] to teach in 2011 [427].
              Was an assistant teacher (Diamond Sangha) at the Sydney Zen Centre, Australia [305][321].
              Commenced Zen training under Yamada Koun Roshi in 1976. Later became a student of Robert Aitken Roshi. Subsequent;y studied with John Tarrant,
              Received Dharma transmission from Subhana Barzaghi in 2018 [427].
              In 2019 moved to Adelade [427]. Teacher at the Adelaide Zen Group in Adelaide, South Australia [426].
            • Ward, Jeff Kagetsu Kikai-ken (b. 1954) Assistant teacher appointed by Subhana Barzaghi [385].
              Also a teacher appointed on 13 Sep 2017 by Paul Maloney (see "Maloney Line") [385].

          • Bolleter, Ross (b.18 Jul 1946) Roshi
            Also a teacher appointed by Robert Aitken (see "Aitken Line") [113].
          • Boughton, Rachel (b. 19??) Roshi [313][320]
            Director of the Santa Rosa Creek Zen Center, CA. [313][320]
          • Cardin, Jesse (b. 19??) Roshi [430]
            Musician and a social worker. Teacher at the Alive! Zen, San Antonio, Texas [430]
          • continuation of Tarrant Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

          • FORD, JAMES ISHMAEL ZENO MYOUN (b.17 Jul 1948) Roshi [62][129][170][175]
            Also a Soto teacher appointed by Jiyu Kennett Roshi [129]
            Taught at the Desert Lotus Zen Sangha, US [61][75]. Was an adjunct teacher at the Pacific Zen Institute in Santa Rosa, CA. Was the first abbot and is a senior guiding teacher of Boundless Way Zen (www.boundlesswayzen.org) [102][164][299][327]. He is the guiding teacher of Empty Moon Zen (www.emptymoonzen.org)[464], formely known as a Blue Cliff Zen Sangha in Long Beach, CA. (www.bluecliffzensangha.com) [327].
          • Ford Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • BARTOK, JOSH KEIDO JIYUN MUNEN ROSENTHAL (b. 24 May 1971) Roshi [299][341] Since Dec 2020 he "is no longer teaching Zen" [264]
              Received Denbo on 20 Jul 2012. Received Inka Shomei from James Myo'un Ford, Roshi on 16 Jul 2016 [341]. He is a member of the American Zen Teachers Association and the Soto Zen Buddhist Association. He is a senior guiding teacher of Boundless Way Zen. Until Dec 2020 he served as abbot of the Greater Boston Zen Center [299]. "In December 2020 the GBZC board placed him on disciplinary suspension as a result of sexual misconduct and other abuses of power. Soon after that he resigned from all of his roles at GBZC" [265].
            • Bartok Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • HARTLAND, KATE KAGEN (b. 9 Dec 1952) Dharma Holder [327][341]
                Received Denkai transmission from Josh Mu'nen Bartok, Sensei on 10 May 2014. Assistant teacher at Greater Boston Zen Center, Cambridge, MA (www.bostonzen.org) Guiding teacher of Bright Sea Zen, North Weymouth, MA (www.brightseazen.org) [327]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
              • Hartland Line (7th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
                • Nelson Judy Seido (b. 19??-) Dharma Holder [465].
                  Received Denkai transmission from Kate Hartland in May 2021 [465]. Since 2020 the Interim Spiritual Director of Greater Boston Zen Center (bostonzen.org) [465]. Professor of economics (emeritus) at UMass Boston [465].

              end of Bartok Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

            • BLACKER, MELISSA Keidō Myōzen (b.19 Mar 1954-) Roshi [174][299][413]
              Received Inka Shomei from James Myo'un Ford, Roshi on 25 Jul 2010. She is resident at Boundless Way Temple (Mugendo-ji), Worcester, MA (worcesterzen.org), and a senior guiding teacher and the third abbot of Boundless Way Zen (boundlesswayzen.org). She is a member of the American Zen Teachers Association and the Soto Zen Buddhist Association [174][175][327]. Wife of David Rynick Roshi [407].
            • Blacker Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Cordova, James Myōsan (b. 23 Feb 1966-) [302] Sensei [413]
                Received full transmission (Denbo) from Melissa Blacker, Roshi on 2 December 2016 [413]. Since 2020 Additional Senior Teacher at the Greater Boston Zen Center (bostonzen.org) [465]
              • Fitzgerald Diane Ryūdō Shōshin (b. 3 May 1955-) [413] Sensei.
                Received full transmission (Denbo) from Melissa Blacker, Roshi on 17 Mar 2017 [413]. She is a member of the American Zen Teachers Association and the Soto Zen Buddhist Association [413].
              • Kulakowski Dominik Hōzan (b. 4 Aug 1972-) [413].
                Received Denkai transmission Melissa Blacker, Roshi on 20 Oct 2017 [413].
              • Waldinger, Robert Ryūdō Tetsumu (b. 1 Mar 1951-) [413] Sensei [404][405].
                Received full transmission (Denbo) from Melissa Blacker, Roshi on 30 November 2018 [413] and is the Guiding Teacher at Henry David Thoreau Sangha, a Boundless Way Zen in Newton, MA [404].
                Also a senior Soto Zen priest (Osho), ordained in 2013. A psychiatrist in charge of a psychotherapy teaching program at Massachusetts General Hospital [405].

            • Farrin, Barry Doshin Kusan (b. 8 Apr 1945-) Roshi [410][412][466].
              Fully fledged teacher within the Diamond Sangha tradition (see "Barzaghi Line"). additionally ordained 8 Mar 2020 "In Soto Zen" at Cooroy, QLD [466] and on 11 Mar 2020 received transmission "In Soto Zen" from James Ford Roshi [466].
            • Gilna, Desmond Keido Gando (b. 26 Nov 1964-) Dharma Holder [386]
              Received Denkai Transmission from James Myo’un Ford, Roshi on 11th March, 2017. He is the guiding teacher at the Sacramento Zendo (saczen.org) [386]
            • Oberholtzer, Edward Keido Sanshin (b. 23 Jan 1952-) Sensei [464].
              Unsui tokudo 2007 [464], Inka Shomei 2013 [464]. Received Denkai/Denbo 17 June 2021 from James Myo'un Ford, Roshi [464]. He currently serves as Buddhist Chaplain, Bucknell University, Community Minister, Unitarian Universalist Congregation of the Susquehanna Valley, and as Guiding Teacher, Joseph Priestly Zen Community (www.josephpriestleyzen.com) [464].
            • PHILLIPS, DOUGLAS KEIDO SAN'UN KAISHIN (b. 26 May 1947) Roshi [299][314][381]
              Received Lay Denkai transmission on 5 Jan 2013. He also received Dharma transmission in a lay Vipassana tradition from Larry Rosenberg. He is the Guiding Teacher of the Empty Sky Sangha [299]. Received the Denbo transmission from James Ford on Dec. 20, 2014 [314]. Received the Inka Shomei transmission from James Ford on May 13th, 2017 [381]. Member of the American Zen Teachers Association (zenteachers.org) [315]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            • Phillips Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Gates, Mary Keido Koshin (b. 19??) Sensei [367][403]
                Received lay Denkai transmission from Douglas Phillips Sensei on 28 Sep 2016 [367]. An episcopal priest, clinical social worker and Co-Guiding Teacher at Empty Sky Sangha in West Cornwall, CT [367]. Received Denbo transmission from Douglas Phillips Roshi on 13 Oct 2018 [367].

            • Port, Dosho (b. 30 Apr 1956) Roshi [327].
              Received Inka Shomei 23 Jan 2015 from James Myo'un Ford, Roshi. Teacher at Great Tides Zen and Vine of Obstacles: Online Support for Zen Training. He previously received Dharma transmission (shiho) from Dainin Katagiri Roshi [327], the Soto Zen teacher. Between Nov 2016 and 2021 at the Nebraska Zen Center in Omaha, where he took over as abbot and head priest from Nonin Chowaney (a Dharma heir of the late Soto Zen master, Katagiri Roshi) [376][464]. Resigned as abbot of the NZC in 2021 to teach full time at the Vine of Obstacles (www.vineobstacleszen.com), Duluth, Minnesota [464].
            • ROSS, LANNY SEVAN KEIDO SEI'AN (b. 7 Sep 1951-) Sensei [58][194][464].
              Also holds the Dharma transmission in the Philip Kapleau lineage (see "Kapleau Line") bestowed on him in 2001 by Bodhin Kjolhede Roshi [194].
              Teacher at the Chicago Zen Center in Evanston, IL, US.
            • Ross Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Sweger, Matt Teshin (b. 11 Aug 1972-) [413] Sensei [464].
                Ordained September 18, 2004. Transmission October 15, 2016. Currently serves as abbot of the North Carolina Zen Center (nczencenter.org) Member of the American Zen Teachers Association (zenteachers.org) [464]

            • RYNICK, DAVID DAEAN (b. 26 Nov 1952-) Roshi [299][327][413]
              Received Dharma transmission from James Myo'un Ford, Roshi on 27 May, 2011. He previously received full transmission in the Korean Linji lineage of Seung Sahn from Zen Master George Bomun Bowman [413]. He is a senior guiding teacher of Boundless Way Zen and serves as abbot of Boundless Way Temple (Mugendo-ji), Worcester, MA (worcesterzen.org). He is a member of the American Zen Teachers Association [299][327]. Husband of Melissa Blacker Roshi [407].
            • Rynick Line (6th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
              • Fieleke, Michael Shōryū (b. 4 Jan 1970) [413] Sensei [404][413].
                Received full transmission (Denbo) from David Rynick, Roshi on 5 January 2019 [406] and is Guiding Teacher for the Morning Star Sangha Boundless Way Zen in Newton, MA [404][413]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

            • Weik, Jay Ryudo Rinsen (b.1 Jan 1969-) Roshi [457]
              Received Denkai transmission James Myo'un Ford, Roshi on 4 Jan 2014, Denbo Transmission on 14 Mar 2015, Abbot of the Great Heartland Sangha and the Buddhist Temple of Toledo, member of American Zen Teachers Association and the Soto Zen Buddhist Association [319]. Received Inka Shomei from James Myoun Ford, Roshi on August 18, 2019 [457].

            • Zummach, Lisa Tetsugan (b. 12 Feb 1970-) Sensei [464].
              Teacher at Vine of Obstacles (www.vineobstacleszen.com), Duluth, Minnesota [464].
            • end of Ford Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

            continuation of Tarrant Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

          • Gaudry, Guy (b. 19??) Roshi [280][320]
            Lead teacher and Director of the London Zen Centre, in London Ontario (www.londonzencentre.org) [280].
          • Grant, Steven (b. 19??) Roshi [280][313][320]
            Director of the Rockridge Meditation Community in Oakland, CA [313][320]
          • Joseph, Jon (b. 19??) Roshi [280][313][320]
            Practice leader for Pacific Zen Institute (PZI) and the Board President [281]. Director of the Portola Camp Zendo [313][320].
          • Mansfield-Howlett, Rachel (b. 19??) Roshi [182][267]
            Received full dharma transmission and the title Roshi from John Tarrant in 2009 [267]
            Head teacher at Santa Rosa City Zen, US. Teacher and at the Desert Lotus Zen Sangha in Phoenix, CO
          • Murphy, Susan Myo Sei Ryu'un An (b.17 Jun 1950) Roshi [62][137]
            Received appointment to teach from John Tarrant in 1998 [322]. On 11 Jun 2001 she received Transmission from Ross Bolleter (see "Bolleter Line") and additionally on 24 Jun 2001 she received a parallel Transmission from J. Tarrant [138].
            An adjunct teacher at the Pacific Zen Institute in Santa Rosa, US. For other appointments and responsibilities see ("Bolleter Line")
          • Saint, Deborah (b. 19??) Sensei [259]
          • A teacher at the Desert Lotus Zen Sangha, Phoenix, AZ. and at the Pacific Zen Institute [263].
          • Parks, David (b. 19??) Roshi [430]
            Teacher at the Bluegrass Zen,Waco, Kentucky [430]
          • Riddle, Michelle (b. 19??) Sensei [430]
          • SUTHERLAND, JOAN (b. 1954) Roshi [36][78]
            Co-founder of and teacher at the Pacific Zen Institute (PZI), Santa Rosa, guiding teacher of the Springs Mountain Sangha in Colorado Springs, CO. and a teacher of the Mountain Cloud Zen Center, Santa Fe, US. In 2011 she no longer taught in California nor had a formal connection as a teacher for Mountain Cloud Zen Center, Santa Fe, US. Instead, she is the founder and head teacher of Awakened Life in Santa Fe and holding teacher for Open Source, a network of communities that includes Wet Mountain Sangha in Pueblo, Colorado and Desert Rain Zen Group in Tucson, AZ. Also she is a co-founder of the Pacific Zen School [268].
          • Sutherland Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Bender, Sarah Masland (b. 28 Aug 1948) Roshi [222][431]
              Received authorization to teach from Sutherland Roshi in 2006 [262]. A resident teacher for the Springs Mountain Sangha in Colorado Springs, CO., and also a Cadet Chapel Buddhist Program Leader at the United States Air Force Academy [222]. A teacher at the Springs Mountain Sangha, Colorado Springs, CO [263][431]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
            • Tenney Nathanson (b.13 Jun 1946) Sensei [300]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].
              Authorized to teach in Mar 2012. He is the resident teacher of Desert Rain Zen (www.desertrainzen.org) in Tucson, Arizona [300][431].
            • Palmer, Andrew (b. 5 Aug 1971) Sensei [300][431].
              He was named a meditation instructor in 2007 and was authorized to teach by Joan Sutherland in Feb 2011. A teacher at the Springs Mountain Sangha (www.smszen.org) and Wet Mountain Sangha (www.wetmountainsangha.org). He lives in Colorado Springs, CO [266][269][300][431].
            • Rundel, Megan (b.19??) Sensei [431]
              Teacher at the Crimson Gate Meditation Comunity, Oakland, CA [431]. Member of the Lay Zen Teachers Association (lzta.org) [435].

          • TERRAGNO, DANIÈL KI-NAY (b. 5 May 1947) Roshi [14][99]
            Teacher at the 'Rocks & Clouds Zendo', Sebastopol, CA, US. Also, the visiting teacher for the Yellow Springs Dharma Centre and the Columbus Zen Corner in Ohio, and in Buenos Aires, Argentina [109][130]
          • Terragno Line (5th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
            • Parekh, Antoinette Kenjo Shin (b. 1959) Apprentice teacher [246].

          • Twentyman, Craig (b. 19??) Never given a status of an assistant teacher, gone independent [31].
          • Weinstein, David Onryu Ko'un (b. 8 Jun 1949) Roshi [62][119][236]
            The guiding teacher of the Oakland Zendo of the Pacific Zen Institute. The guiding teacher of the Fair Oaks Sangha, Menlo Park, Ca., an affiliate of the Pacific Zen Institute. A teacher of the Springs Mountain Sangha, Colorado Springs, CO [99][119][236]. Director and teacher at the Rockridge Meditation Community in Oakland [430]
          • end of Tarrant Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

        end of Aitken Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    continuation of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

  • Adachi, Reiko Houn-an (b. 19??) (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Sobudai Zenkai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa-ken, Japan [157].
  • Adachi, Yukiyoshi (b. 19??) Zuiun-ken (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Sobudai Zenkai, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa-ken, Japan [157].
  • Ashida, Osamu Shoun-ken, Osaka Haku'un-kai[157]
    Teacher at Jiganji, Takat suki-shi, Japan [157].
  • Brantschen, Niklaus Goun-ken S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) (b.1937)
    Teacher at the Go Un Zendo, Zurich, Switzerland. Teaches at the Lassalle-Haus, Bad Schoenbrunn, Switzerland [152].
  • Dreisbach, Uta Ryuun-an (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Waldbuettelbrunn, Germany (www.ziehende-wolke.de) [157].
  • Enomiya-Lassalle, Hugo Makibi Aiun-ken S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) (11 Nov 1898-7 Jul 1990) [33][117].
    In Dec 1977 co-founder with Father Viktor Loew (Löw) O.F.M. (see below) of the first European Christian (Catholic) Zen Centre, i.e. "Meditationshaus St. Franziskus - Zen im Franziskaner-Kloster", Dietfurt, Germany (www.meditationshaus-dietfurt.de) [361].
  • Fabian, Ludwigis Koun-an (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Haus der Stille, Aschau-Sachrang, Germany[157]
  • Golez, Lourdes Mila Gyokuun-an (19??1935-3 Jun 2006) [176]
    Zen Teacher. Member of the St. Katharina Werk Secular Institute in Switzerland. A missionary. Worked in the Philippines [176].
  • HABITO, RUBEN L. F. KEIUN-KEN (b. 2 Oct 1947) [7]
    In 1988, Ruben received Dharma transmission from Yamada Koun Roshi. Left the Jesuit order in 1989, and in 1991 founded the lay organization Maria Kannon Zen Center. Husband of Maria Reis-Habito (see below) [297]. Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX, US [292]
    Known online teachings by Ruben Habito.
  • Habito Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Marcel Leonard Roshi writes 23 May 2013: “In December 2012, Ruben Habito gave Dharma transmission to three women.” [289]
      [Are these women called Cortes, Nail and Reis?. See the names below - tmciolek, 5 Jun 2013].
    • Benenate, Joe Assistant Zen Teacher (b. 19??) [293][294]
      Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX, US [293].
    • Cortes, Helen Zen Teacher (b. 19??) [293][294]
      Appointed Assistant Zen Teacher by Ruben Habito, in Jun 2006. Confirmed by Yamada Ryoun, head of the Sanbo Kyodan Lineage. Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX, US [293][296].
    • Forstman, Valerie Meiko-an Zen Teacher (b. 19??) [293][294]
      Practiced Zen under the guidance of Habito Roshi since 1994. She was named teacher in 2005 by Yamada Ryoun Roshi, presiding abbot of Sanbo Kyodan, and confirmed in this appointment by Habito Roshi. Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX [293][295].
    • Nail, Lee Ann Kanren-an Zen Teacher (b. 19??) [293][294]
      Received formal transmission from Ruben Habito Roshi on Dec. 8, 2012. Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX, US. Also a teacher at Salem Zen Center, OR [293][298]
    • Reis-Habito, Maria Getsu'un-an Zen Teacher (b. 19??) [293][294]
      Wife of Ruben Habito Roshi (see above). Teacher at the Maria Kannon Zen Center, Dallas, TX [293].

  • Harris, Bruce Soun-ken (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at the Zendo des Trois Rivières, France.
  • Hasegawa, Kodo Nyoun-ken (18 Feb 1909 - 5 Nov 1998) [89].
  • Hiyama, Tetsuo Taiun-ken (b. 19??) [157] (b. 19??) Senior teacher [157]
    Teaches with Kubota Akira Roshi at The Center for Health Care & Public Concern (Tokyo Kembikyoin Medical Center), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan [157].
  • + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

  • JAEGER (JÄGER), WILLIGIS KOUN-KEN (b.1925) [53]
    Teacher at the Haus St.Benedikt, Wuerzburg, Germany (www.willigis-jaeger.de) [157] On 11 Jan 2009 Willigis Jäger has left the Sanbokyodan and founded a new Zen Lineage [223].
  • Jaeger Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Neudecker, Rene (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [15].
    • Snela, Bogdan Hi'shin-ken (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [223][274].
    • Wansleben, Klaus (b. 19??) Assistant teacher [223].
    • Walter, Wolfgang E'un-ken (b. 1948) Assistant teacher [274].
    • Zölls, Doris Myoen-an (b. 1954) Assistant teacher [223]
      Since 2003 she is the spiritual director (together with W. Jäger) of the Benediktushof Holzkirchen (www.benediktushof-holzkirchen.de) [223].

  • Kern, Heidi Heki-un an (b. 19??) [195].
  • Kopp, Johannes Houn-ken (b.1927)
    Teacher at the Zen-Kontemplation, Bistum Essen, Germany [107]. Teacher at Muhlheim an der Ruhr, Germany (www.leben-aus-der-mitte.de) [157]. Since 2006 appointed by Yamada Ryoun to a post of Associate Zen Master (Junshike) of the Sanbokyodan [223].
    Note: Johannes Kopp is not to be confused with Wolfgang Kopp (b.1938), a student and Dharma Successor of Soji Enku Roshi [26].
  • Loew (Löw), Viktor Yuun-ken (1924-1994)
    Born in Hungary. Mechanical engineering engineer [361]. In 1967, admitted to the mendicant Franciscan Order (Ordo Fratrum Minorum, O.F.M) in Bavaria [361]. Ordained Catholic priest in 1972 [361]. In Dec 1977 co-founder with Father Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle S.J. (see above) of the first European Christian (Catholic) Zen Centre, i.e. "Meditationshaus St. Franziskus - Zen im Franziskaner-Kloster", Dietfurt, Germany (www.meditationshaus-dietfurt.de) [361].
  • Lengsfeld, Peter Choun-ken (1930 -2009?) [50][241]
    [Teacher at Kirchzarten, Germany [157].
  • Loy, David Tetsuun-ken (b. 27 Jul 1947) [21]
    Teacher at Kamakura-shi, Japan [157] and in Boulder, Co. [*???]
    Known online teachings by David Loy.
  • continuation of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

  • MACINNES, ELAINE KOUN-AN (b. 2 Mar 1924) [35]
    Since Nov 1996 Associate Zen Master of the Sanbo Kyodan, Kamakura, Japan.Teacher at Toronto, Ontario, Canada [38][157]
    Known online teachings by Elaine MacInnes [158].
  • MacInnes Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Battung, Rosario B. Jochi-an, RGS (b. 1943) Assistant teacher [40][157]
      Teacher at "Bahay Ugnayan" (House of Interwoveness), Quezon City, Philippines. Teacher at Philippine Zendo, Provident Village, Marikina, Manila, Philippines [157].
    • Perlas, Antonio (Tony) P. (1938-27 Mar 2002) Assistant teacher [40][115].
    • Pineda, Maria Teresa (Nenates) Myoun-An (b. 1942) Roshi [40][157][276]
      Teacher at Philippine Zen Center, Provident Village, Marikina, Manila, Philippines [157].

  • Meyer, Gundula Zuiun-an (b. 1937) Roshi [157][223]
    Teacher at the Ohof Zendo, Germany [157].
  • Monske, Carmen Baika-an (b. 1937) [157][223]
    Teacher at Madrid, Spain [157] Appointed by Kubota Roshi to a post of Zen Master (Shoshike) of the Sanbokyodan in 2001 [223].
  • Nakamura, Teizo Kaku'un-ken (b. 19??) [senior teacher][157]
    Teaches with Kubota Akira Roshi at The Center for Health Care & Public Concern (Tokyo Kembikyoin Medical Center), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan [157].
  • Oda, Tsuneo Go'un-ken (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Suita-shi, Japan [157].
  • Onda, Akira Soun-ken (b. 19??) Senior teacher [157]
    [Teaches with Kubota Akira Roshi at The Center for Health Care & Public Concern (Tokyo Kembikyoin Medical Center), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan [157].
  • Ostertag, Silvia Rin'un-an (b. 19??) [157]
    Teacher at Seeg, Germany [157].
  • Punzalan, Sonia Soni-an (b. 19??)
    Teacher at Santa Ana, Manila Philippines [157].
  • Reiley, Kathleen Seiun-an (b. 8 May 1944) [68]
    Conducts sesshin at Shimeikutsu (Fr. Lassalle's zendo), and she has a monthly zazenkai at the Maryknoll house in Tokyo. She also does sesshin in Germany and Austria [68] Teacher at Maryknoll Sisters, Kamakura-shi, Japan [157].
  • RIECK, JOAN JOUN-AN (b. 1936)
    Teacher at Belen, NM, US [157] Teacher at Albuquerque Sanbô Kyodan Zen Group [275].
  • Rieck Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Shukman, Henry Ryuun-ken (b. 19??) [274][275]
      Authenticated as a full, independent Zen Teacher of the Sanbo Kyodan during a ceremony with the abbott, Yamada Ryoun Roshi, in San Francisco in Aug 2011. Teacher at Mt Cloud Zen Center in Santa Fe and at Sandia Zendo (Todd St. Zendo) in Albuquerque, NM [275].

    continuation of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

  • SAMY, AMA GENUN-KEN [aka Arul Maria Arokiasamy] S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) (b.1936)
    Teacher at the Bodhi Zendo, Perumalmalai, near Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, India [355]. Bodhi Zendo was opened on 6 Jan 1996 [355].
    The Bodhi Sangha was established in 1986. With formal separation from Sanbokyodan in 2002, Bodhi Sangha became an independent Zen school [355]. Bodhi Sangha uses the following teacher titles: Sensei, (Associate) Zen master, Independent Zen Master [355][396].
    Known online teachings by Ama Samy.
  • Ama Samy Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    This line is also known as the "Bodhi Sangha Line". [223]

    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

  • BAUBERGER, STEPHAN S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) (b.21 May 1960) Independent Zen master [355][223][336]
    A physicist and Jesuit [356]. Authorized by Ama Samy as Sensei in 2000 and as independent Zen master in 2004 [355].
    In 2008 founded together with Franziska Achatz [358] his own Zen school "Schule des Herzgrundes" [= "School of the Heart"] in Munich, Germany [355]. He has formally separated from Bodhi Sangha in Jul 2009 [355].
    Teacher at the Meditationshauses Dietfurt [223]
  • Stephan Bauberger Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    This line is also known as the "School of the Heart Line".
    • Achatz, Francesca Kyosen Bodaiga Zen master (b. 19??) [356][357]. Received dharma transmission from Stephan Bauberger in 2008 [357].
      Doctor of medicine, psychologist [357]. Has studied Zen since 1987, first with Viktor Löw Yuun-ken O.F.M. in Dietfurt, and after his death with Ama Samy S.J. and Stephan Bauberger S.J. [357].
    • Matthias, Stefan (b. 1955) Sensei [358]
      Protestant pastor and theologian. Since 1999 pastor of the Tabor community in Berlin-Kreuzberg, Germany [358]. Has studied Zen since 198 with a number of teachers: Seki Yuho Roshi, Genro Koudela Osho, Joshu Sasaki Roshi, Prabasha Dharma Roshi, Rei Shin Sensei, Rolf Drosten Roshi and others [358]. A student of Father Ama Samy S.J. from 1996 to 2008 [358]. Authorised by Stephan Bauberger as Sensei in May 2009 [358].

  • Fischer, Johannes "Clear Light" Bodhi Ken. (b. 1957) [355][418].
    A Catholiic (Jesuit) Priest during years 1983-2007 [418]. A student of Ama Samy since 1997 [359]. Authorized by Ama Samy to teach Zen in 2010 [359]. Authorized by Ama Samy as Sensei with dharma transmission on 1 Sep 2012 in Germany [355]. Authorized by Ama Samy as Independent Zen Master on 31 Aug 2013 [355]..Sometime before Oct 2018 Johannes Fischer has broken away from his Teacher and has left Bodhi Sangha lineage [397].
  • Hooper, Carl Bodhi Ken (b. 1943) [355][416].
    A student of Ama Samy since 1988 [360]. Authorized by Ama Samy as Sensei with dharma transmission on 5 Dec 2013 in Australia. Authorized by Ama Samy as Independent Zen Master on 5 Oct 2016 [355]. Philosopher, the founder and resident teacher of Bodhimount Zendo (bodhimountzendo.blogspot.com.au), Armidale, NSW, Australia [360].
  • Lüderitz, Gert (b. 1950) [355].
    Authorized by Ama Samy as Zen master with dharma transmission on 2 Sep 2016 in Germany [355].
  • Mathew, Cyril Jnana Bodhi Ken, S.J. (Societas Iesu - the Jesuit Order) Independent Zen master [414]
    Received transmission by Fr. Ama Samy on 04 February 2018 and appointed as Associated Zen master. [396][397][415]. Authorized by Ama Samy as independent Zen master on 30 Aug 2004 in St. Ottilien Archabbey (St. Ottilia's Archabbey), a Benedictine monastery near Eresing, Bavaria, Germany [414].
    Teacher at the Bodhi Zendo, Perumalmalai, near Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, India [415].
  • Pliske, Angela (b. 1937) [355].
    Authorized by Ama Samy as Sensei in 2009. She resides in the Czech Republic [355].
  • Strelcyk, Olaf Muyo-ju Bodhi Ken PhD (b. 1978) [396][417].
    [A physicist and psychologist [417]. Studied Zen under Stefan Bauberger (2001-2008), with Ama Samy since 2008 and, additionaly, with Diane Eshin Rizzetto (2009) (see "Beck Line") [417]. Authorized by Ama Samy as Associate Zen Master on 21 Sep 2018 in Cincinnati, OH, USA [396]. Authorized by Ama Samy as independent Zen master on 30 Aug 2019 in St. Ottilien Archabbey (St. Ottilia's Archabbey), a Benedictine monastery near Eresing, Bavaria, Germany [414].
  • end of Ama Samy Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    continuation of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + CHRISTIAN ZEN TRADITION + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +

  • SCHLÜTER RODES ANA MARIA KIUN-AN (b. 7 Apr 1935) [25]
    Teacher at the Zendo Betania, Brihuega, Guadalajara, Spain [57][157].
  • Schlüter Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Arrate Etxenausia, Kepa Kisui (b. 1938) Sensei [Zen teacher][171].
    • Meneses, Berta Chosui (b. 28 Feb 1945) Sensei [Zen teacher][25][171].
    • Flores, Pedro Neisui (b. 1940) Sensei [Zen teacher][57][171].
    • Perez Betran, Jordi (b. 1940) Assistant teacher [171].

  • Sendo, Shitetsu Shoun-ken (b. 19??)
  • Shepherd, Paul Choun-ken (b. 1948) [274]
    Teacher at the Zen-Kokoro, Unterdietfurt (and other locations), Germany. Teacher at Egglen, Endorf, Sigriswil, Switzerland [107][157].
  • STONE ROSELYN SEIUN-AN (b.1931)
    Teacher at the Mountain Moon Sangha in Brisbane Australia and Toronto Canada [157].
  • Stone Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
    • Bretz, Li-Yea Yang Seiun-an (b. 1960) Roshi.
      Received Dharma transmission in Sep 2006. Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane. Teacher in the Sanbo Kyodan Zen Society, appointed in 2007 by the Abbot Ryoun Yamada [108][165][205][208]. "On Dec 15th 2015, Bretz, Li-Yea Yang Seiun-an was granted the title of Roshi by Stone Roshi. Li-Yea is now the senior teacher at Mountain Moon Zen Society in Brisbane." [371].
    • Cam, Garry (b. 19??) Received Dharma transmission in Sep 2006. Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane [165][208].
    • Kennedy, Judy (b. 19??) former Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Toronto][165][177][208]
      Stone Roshi wrote 4 Dec 2007 "Judy Kennedy is no longer recognized by me as a Successor and has no authority to teach." [208].
    • Dr LANDER, CECILIE GO'EN AN (b. 1948) [205]
      Teacher at the Brisbane Sun Mountain Zen Community. Formerly, Teacher at the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane. Received Dharma transmission from Roselyn Stone. Teacher in the Sanbo Kyodan Zen Society, appointed in 2003 by the Abbot Ryoun Yamada [108][165][173][208].
    • Cecilie Lander Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
      • Wolter, Sue (b. 19??) Sensei [337].
        Appointed an Assistant Teacher by Cecilie Lander (Go'un ken) on the 8 Jun 2013 [339]. Zen teacher of Sun Mountain Zen [337].

    • Dr LANDER, MERVYN GO'UN KEN (b. 1944) [205]
      Teacher at the Brisbane Sun Mountain Zen Community. Formerly, Teacher at the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane. Received Dharma transmission from Roselyn Stone. Teacher in the Sanbo Kyodan Zen Society, appointed in 2003 by the Abbot Ryoun Yamada [108][165][173][208].
    • Mervyn Lander Line (4th generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)
      • Hess, Arno Shu'un-Ken (b. 19??)
        An authorized teacher within the Sanbo-Kyodan Zen Lineage, Japan, since Aug 2012. He facilitates the Samford Zen group and the Inside Zen group at the Woodford Correctional Centre [283]. Received Dharma transmission from Mervyn Lander (Go'un ken) on 11 Jun 2012. Also, on 11 Aug 2012, Yamada Ryoun Roshi, Abbot of Sanbo Kyodan, authorised Arno Hess as Zen Teacher (Zen-Kyoshi) in the Sanbo Koydan Zen Society and has given him the teacher’s name Shu un-ken [282].
      • Wolter, Glen (b. 19??) [337]. Received Dharma transmission from Mervyn Lander (Go'un ken) on the 12 Jun 2013 [338]. Zen teacher of Sun Mountain Zen. [337].

    • Love, Mathew (b. 19??) Received Dharma transmission in Sep 2006. Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane [108][165][208].
    • Millwood, Jan (b. 19??) Honorary Teacher (she is not to be accepting students)][108][165].
    • Petrovic, Dragan Sekiun-ken (b. 19??) Received Dharma transmission on 8 Feb 2009. Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Toronto [165][224].
    • Wilson, Jean (b. 19??) Received Dharma transmission in Sep 2006. Teacher, the Mountain Moon Sangha, Brisbane [165][208].

    continuation of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

  • Tonoike, Toshio Zenyu Hekiun-ken (b.1926) Roshi [273]
    Teaches with Kubota Akira Roshi at The Center for Health Care & Public Concern (Tokyo Kembikyoin Medical Center), Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan [157]

  • USAMI, SHUE REIUN-KEN (b. 19??) Roshi [87]
    Teacher at Senkobo, Kuwana-gun, Mie-ken, Japan (village.infoweb.ne.jp/~senkobo/) [157].
  • Usami Line (3rd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

  • Yamada, Masamichi Ryoun-ken (b. 1940)
    Son of Yamada Koun Roshi. Assisted Kubota Roshi in directing the Sanbo Kyodan Zen community.
    Abbot of the Sanbo Kyodan Zen since Oct 2004. Teaches at the San'un Zendo in Kamakura, Japan [157][160][208].
  • end of Yamada Line (2nd generation of teachers since YASUTANI Roshi)

end of Harada-Yasutani Line


Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 001 - 200.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 201 - 300.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 301 - 400.
Go to Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism - References & Footnotes no. 401 - 500.

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